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110 Research products, page 2 of 11

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  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Amir, S. (Sadikin); Hilyana, S. (Sitti); Waspodo, S. (Saptono); Gigentika, S. (Soraya); Jefri, E. (Edwin);
    Publisher: Mataram University
    Country: Indonesia

    The Teluk Awang Fishery Port (PP) is located in Mertak Village, Central Lombok Regency, which has the potential to develop as a center of economic growth with a fishery business base. It has a good geographical location because it is protected from waves coming from the Indian Ocean. Currently the Central Government, West Nusa Tenggara Provincial Government and Central Lombok Regency Government are jointly developing Awang Bay as a fishery business center by building a fishing port that can accommodate fishing vessels operating in WPPNRI 573 and 713. This study will look at fish resources ( SDI) in PP Teluk Awang uses the Participatory Action Research (PAR) method which actively involves all relevant parties. The results of the research show that the SDI that was landed in PP Teluk Awang during 2018-2020 as much as 3,559,483 kg was still dominated by pelagic and demersal fish, such as Cakalang fish (62.67%), Layang (10.77%), Tongkol ( 8.29%), Lemadang (6.34%), Tuna (5.42%), Baby Tuna (3.88%), Marlin (1.48%) and other fish (1.15%). The recorded fleet of ships is 27 units with a size of 8-25 Gross Tonnage (GT). The results of this study are expected to be a recommendation related to policies in managing the potential of SDI landed in PP Teluk Awang with the concept of sustainable fisheries.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Unihehu, A. L. (Arif); Suharjo, I. (Imam);
    Publisher: Universitas Al Asyariah Mandar
    Country: Indonesia

    Fish are cold-blooded animals that are widely used by humans. Fish are a diverse group of poikilothermic vertebrates with more than 27,000 species worldwide. A large number of fish species becomes a problem in distinguishing the types of fish. The purpose of this study was to create a fish type classification system based on the texture of artificial neural network-based fish imagery using K-Nearest Neighbors and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithms. The data was taken through direct exploration and retrieved directly by researchers. The data only uses 3 types of fish as the object of further research conducted training and testing test data in the first, second, and third classes only one can not be recognized by the system, while the other data can be recognized by the percentage of success of 93% (Ninety-three percent).

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Victoria, O. A. (Ong); Shatat, S. R. (Saleh);
    Publisher: Sultan Agung Islamic University
    Country: Indonesia

    The purpose of this research is to find out how the implementation of the use of forms of freedom on the high seas according to the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS 1982) and how the exceptions to freedom on the high seas according to the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS 1982). The research method used in this research is using normative legal research methods and it can be concluded that the regulation regarding the high seas is contained in Part VII Article 86 to Article 120 of the 1982 Sea Law Convention to take advantage of the high seas. State freedoms on the high seas are freedoms in accordance with article 87, namely freedom of navigation, flight, laying submarine cables and pipelines, freedom to build artificial islands and other installations, freedom to fish, and freedom to conduct scientific research. Every given freedom can be used by every country but every country is obliged to maintain and utilize the high seas for peaceful purposes for the survival of human life. In addition to providing freedom to use the high seas, the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention provides exceptions to this freedom. Where every country is free to use the high seas but is not allowed to take illegal actions or violate the law, both national law and International law, which in its application are often violated by countries in the world. There are several exceptions to the freedom of the high seas such as the prohibition of slavery, piracy, trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, instant pursuit, illicit broadcasting, and pollution of the marine environment. So every country, both coastal and non-coastal countries, is required to cooperate in eradicating all forms of abuse of freedom on the high seas.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Zulfanita, Z. (Zulfanita); M, R. E. (Roisu); Rinawidiastuti, R. (Rinawidiastuti); Iskandar, F. (Faruq); Setiawan, B. (Budi);
    Publisher: Muhammadiyah University Mataram
    Country: Indonesia

    Pertumbuhan penduduk yang diikuti dengan meningkatnya kegiatan industri, pertanian, dan pemukiman telah menggusur lahan budidaya sehingga dari tahun ketahun luasnya semakin berkurang. Disamping itu aktifitas penduduk akan mengakibatkan pencemaran berupa limbah organik maupun anorganik Inovasi teknologi diperlukan untuk mengantisipasi penurunan produksi tanaman dan ikan akibat penyusutan lahan budidaya dan penurunan kualitas perairan. Inovasi teknologi tersebut diharapkan mampu mengurangi limbah dan meningkatkan produktifitas persatuan luas lahan budidaya. Salah satu inovasi teknologi yang dapat diterapkan yaitu budidaya tanaman sayuran dan ikan yang terintegrasi melalui sistem akuaponik. Program Pengabdian Masyarakat dilaksanakan di desa Butuh, kecamatan Butuh, kabupaten Purworejo bertujuan untuk Mengenalkan, mempraktikkan dan memotivasi masyarakat untuk dapat melakukan teknologi akuaponik sayuran dan budidaya lele dalam ember , mengisi waktu luang serta mengembangkan kemampuan budidaya sayuran dan budidaya ikan lele selain itu juga sebagai bentuk pemanfaatan pekarangan rumah atau lahan sempit menjadi efisien dan menguntungkan serta potensi meningkatnya gizi keluarga. Mitra dalam pelaksanan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah kelompok Wanita Tani Mandiri dengan anggota 16 orang. Metode yang digunakan adalah Education for Sustainable Development (EfSD) merupakan salah satu metode pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang berorientasi pada penyelesaian masalah pada lingkungan masyarakat. Metode EfSD menekankan pada 3 pilar yaitu ekonomi, ekologi atau lingkungan dan sosial. Program kegiatan yang dilaksanakan secara garis besar meliputi, 1) pemberdayaan masyarakat melalui penguatan kelembagaan dan peningkatan kualitas sumber daya manusia, 2) Penumbuhan dan pengembangan budidaya sayuran, dan perikanan berbasis akuaponik. Hasil pengabdian masyarakat ini berupa penguatan kelembagaan pada Kelompok Wanita Tani Mandiri mampu melaksanakan kegiatan program kegiatan dan sosialisasi dengan aktif. Dengan adanya pelatihan serta motivasi mampu menambah pengalaman dan wawasan anggota Kelompok Wanita Tani Mandiri dalam pengembangan budidaya sayuran dan ikan dalam ember.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Tarigan, M. I. (Muhammad);
    Publisher: Lambung Mangkurat University
    Country: Indonesia

    Indonesia is the second-largest producer of plastic pollution in the world after China. Based on the data in 2018, there were about 1.29 million tonnes plastic waste end up in the ocean per annum. With that regard, Indonesia needs to be responsible for the negligence in doing the International obligation to prevent, reduce, and manage the pollution that affect marine environment. The purpose of this research is to observe Indonesia's commitment in reducing plastic pollution on marine environment by doing some legal approach. Therefore, this research conducted by normative juridical and using descriptive analysis. Data analysis that obtained is done through literature study. The conclusion of this research is that the commitment of Indonesian Government on preventing plastic waste in marine environment relatively needs to be improved. There are some of regulations which already targeted that has not established yet by Indonesian Government.

  • Other research product . 2021
    Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Qamardin o‘g‘li, Abduvaliyev Muhammadsodiq;
    Publisher: Research Parks Publishing
    Country: Indonesia

    Renewable energy is derived from natural processes that are replenished constantly. Included in the definition is electricity and heat generated from solar, wind, ocean, hydropower, biomass, geothermal resources, and biofuels and hydrogen derived from renewable resources. The article discusses the sources of renewable energy in Uzbekistan.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Sirodjuddin, S. (Sirodjuddin); Warka, M. (Made); Suhartono, S. (Slamet); Setyadji, S. (Sri);
    Publisher: Technium Science
    Country: Indonesia

    This study uses normative research, using several approaches to statutory regulations, philosophical approaches and conceptual approaches. The contiguous zone doesn't exceed 24 nautical miles from the baseline of the measured territorial sea width and the zone directly adjacent to the territorial sea of the country. This zone of the coastal state doesn't have soverenitas as well as the territorial sea and the state can excercise certain powers. However, this zonal routeis considered important as a transition between the two parts of the sea. The authority of the coastal state can carry out the necessary oversight to protect violations of customs, fiscal, immigration of sanitary regulations within the territorial sea or the territorial sea and punish violations of these laws and regulations over it's territory or territorial sea. The legal urgency of the contiguous zone regime, as stipulated in Article 33 UNCLOS 1982 states a demand for the state's needs as the basis for law enforcement to see the benefits and strategic and economic value for the state. The consequence of ratifying UNCLOS 1982 means that the state submits itself to the provisions and obligations to follow up the various provisions contained therein. Manifesting in the form of national legislation as a measure to protect various interests of the state and guidance in law enforcement.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Galina, M. (Mia); Safitri, C. (Cutifa);
    Publisher: President University
    Country: Indonesia

    The problems in the marine and coastal environment have aroused the attention of many countries in the world. According to [1], it is estimated that every year eight million tons of debris find their way into the world's oceans, thus disturbing aquatic and marine ecosystems. Particularly in the case of coastlines, many studies show that the majority of marine litter (60-80%) consists of plastic [2]. The objectives are to evaluate the critical issues in regards to marine environment waste monitoring and to track the development of technology used in the field of marine and coastal debris monitoring problems over the last two decades. The method of this research is by investigating the topic that is quite a lot raised as research related to coastal and marine waste and the distribution of technology implemented for coastal and marine debris. The results show that waste in coastal and marine areas is a problem that needs to be solved immediately. The data relating to the generation of waste flowing into the ocean is dynamic, moving every day, depending on the generation of the generated waste and its accumulation and drifting in the ocean. The large amount of information collected from higher views (such as satellite views) provides important insights for understanding and identifying plastic waste debris pollution and its movement. The conclusion: Regardless of the application, an integrated technical solution is required, which can be sensors, communication devices, data packet transmission from client devices to servers with appropriate application protocols, or a combination of several technologies

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Nuriadi, N. (Nuriadi); Melani, B. Z. (Boniesta);
    Publisher: American Linguist Association
    Country: Indonesia

    This article discusses the similarities in developing self-reliance by the two main characters in two novels, Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea (i.e., Santiago) and Defoe's Robinson Crusoe (i.e., Robinson Crusoe). Qualitative analysis with the frame of dynamic structuralism theory of Jan Mukarovsky discovered that both protagonist characters, Santiago and Crusoe, are doing several things as their ways to rebuild and develop their self-reliance in coping with several obstacles. To develop his self-reliance, Santiago recollects his past experiences, identifies himself as a powerful figure, and recognizes certain factors supporting his struggle, while Crusoe performs certain efforts to extend his survival, and recognizes God's power in his life. Despite their different ways to build self-reliance, the two figures both show optimism to survive their odd and unfortunate yet valuable experience. Reflecting on Santiago and Crusoe's life experiences, self-reliance is a pivotal attribute for ones' survival and success and serves as a mental asset to face the common under-pressured life.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Nurhayati, N. (Nurhayati); Belgis, M. (Maria); Yuwanti, S. (Sih); Putri, S. L. (Shania);
    Publisher: Muhammadiyah University Mataram
    Country: Indonesia

    UD. Bismillah merupakan salah satu industri rumah tangga perseorangan yang memproduksi kerupuk mentah maupun matang untuk dipasarkan di desa sekitar. Alih teknologi yang dilakukan kepada UD. Bismillah berupa teknologi tepat guna dan analisis finansial usaha kerupuk ikan dengan menggunakan ikan “bulak” (Sardine fimbriata). Alih teknologi yang diberikan yaitu proses persiapan bahan yang dilakukan oleh pemilik, proses pencampuran bahan, pencetakan, pengukusan, pengeringan, dan pengorengan kerupuk oleh pegawai. Alat yang digunakan antara lain mesin pencetak kerupuk dengan konveyor, boiler dan steamer untuk proses pengukusan kerupuk serta tomang dan wajan untuk penggorengan kerupuk. Harga jual kerupuk yang sudah digoreng di tingkat pengecer/toko adalah Rp.200/buah. Penambahan ikan “bulak” dilakukan sebagai upaya pemanfaatan ikan nilai ekonomis rendah sebagai sumber gizi dan protein. Hasil analisis finansial menunjukkan dengan penambahan ikan bulak pada adonan menghasilkan nilai NPV Rp. 364.235.841,7; Net B/C sebesar 1,15; PBP sebesar 0,48 tahun atau 175,2 hari; ROI sebesar 2,1; dan BEP unit yang dihasilkan sebesar 10.648 kg. Hal ini menunjukkan usaha kerupuk ikan ‘Bulak' layak untuk dijalankan, dengan harga jual Rp.22.800 per kg kerupuk ikan ‘Bulak' matang.