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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mogollón, J. M.; Dale, A. W.; Fossing, H.; Regnier, P.;
    Project: EC | BONUS+ (217246)

    Arkona Basin (southwestern Baltic Sea) is a seasonally-hypoxic basin characterized by the presence of free methane gas in its youngest organic-rich muddy stratum. Through the use of reactive transport models, this study tracks the development of the methane geochemistry in Arkona Basin as this muddy sediment became deposited during the last 8 kyr. Four cores are modeled each pertaining to a unique geochemical scenario according to their respective contemporary geochemical profiles. Ultimately the thickness of the muddy sediment and the flux of particulate organic carbon are crucial in determining the advent of both methanogenesis and free methane gas, the timescales over which methanogenesis takes over as a dominant reaction pathway for organic matter degradation, and the timescales required for free methane gas to form.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    World Bank;
    Publisher: Washington, DC
    Country: United States

    This issue, which serves as the annual review on the environment, looks at the Bank's work from July 2002 through June 2003, dedicated this year to Water and the Environment, on the occasion of the Fifth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa. Following the overview, which reviews progress in the implementation of the Environment strategy, the report presents viewpoints on ways to move forward in delivering water as committed in South Africa, but also reflecting on the need for a more integrated approach to water resources management. Various other articles feature the Bank's new water resources strategy, and environmental flows, that is, from linking catchments to coasts in water resources management, to protected areas as tools for water conservation, and management. Regional articles describe progress in implementing the environment strategy, and supporting client's efforts in promoting appropriate environmental policies, and programs. Highlights from the International Finance Corporation (IFC) scan efforts to promote private sector investment in water supply and sanitation, and environmental improvements, while efforts by the World Bank Institute (WBI) inform on training and learning activities that sponsor policy, and knowledge-sharing as it relates to the environment.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Huse, Geir;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: EC | EURO-BASIN (264933)

    Acoustic estimates of herring and blue whiting abundance were obtained during the surveys using the Simrad ER60 scientific echosounder. The allocation of NASC-values to herring, blue whiting and other acoustic targets were based on the composition of the trawl catches and the appearance of echo recordings. To estimate the abundance, the allocated NASC -values were averaged for ICES-squares (0.5° latitude by 1° longitude). For each statistical square, the unit area density of fish (rA) in number per square nautical mile (N*nm-2) was calculated using standard equations (Foote et al., 1987; Toresen et al., 1998). To estimate the total abundance of fish, the unit area abundance for each statistical square was multiplied by the number of square nautical miles in each statistical square and then summed for all the statistical squares within defined subareas and over the total area. Biomass estimation was calculated by multiplying abundance in numbers by the average weight of the fish in each statistical square then summing all squares within defined subareas and over the total area. The Norwegian BEAM soft-ware (Totland and Godø 2001) was used to make estimates of total biomass.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nixdorf, Uwe; Dethloff, Klaus; Rex, Markus; Shupe, Matthew; Sommerfeld, Anja; Perovich, Donald K.; Nicolaus, Marcel; Heuzé, Céline; Rabe, Benjamin; Loose, Brice; +31 more
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: Germany

    For years, the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), together with the international MOSAiC partners, had been planning and developing the scientific, logistical and financial concept for the implementation of the MOSAiC expedition. The planning and organization of this endeavor was an enormous e˙ort, involving more than 80 institutions from 20 countries. The number of groups and individuals that significantly contributed to the success of the drift observatory goes far beyond the scope of usual polar expeditions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    World Bank;
    Publisher: Washington, DC
    Country: United States

    This basic Agriculture Public Expenditure Review (AgPER) documents and analyzes information on the volume and structure of Liberia's past public expenditure on the agriculture sector and draws conclusions that can provide an orientation for future policies in view of the effectiveness of spending. The AgPER's focus is on the sectors of agriculture, including crops, fisheries, and forestry, in line with the New Partnership for African Development's (NEPAD) definition of the sectors of focus. This is in accordance with the Maputo Declaration and its target that governments devote ten percent of public expenditure for agricultural development with an aim towards realizing food security and poverty reduction.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dziadek, Ricarda;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    This dataset compiles in-situ temperature measurements for geothermal heat flow estimates and water temperature profiles of the water column, extracted from Miniaturized Temperature data-Logger (MTL). The data were collected during RV POLARSTERN cruise PS104 in 2017 in Amundsen Sea.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dıdınen, B.I.; Bahadır Koca, S.; Metin, S.; Dıler, O.; Erol, K.G.; Dulluc, A.; Koca, H.U.; Yigit, N.O.; Ozkok, R.; Kucukkara, R.;

    The aim of this study was to screen potential probiotic bacteria against Aeromonas hydrophila and determine the effects of antagonistic bacteria and a commercial product containing lactic acid bacteria on the survival and growth of stage II Astacus leptodactylus juveniles. For this purpose, a total of 110 bacterial strains were isolated from adult, stage II crayfish juveniles and rearing water screened for antagonistic activities against A. hydrophila with well diffusion agar assay. Hafnia alvei strain from stage II crayfish juveniles displayed the inhibition zone (10mm) against A. hydrophila. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with four treatments for 60 days: (I) crayfish fed with live food without probiotics (control group); (II) crayfish fed with live food enriched with lactic acid bacteria (0.015 gL-1); (III) crayfish fed with live food enriched with Hafnia alvei (106 CFU mL−1); (IV) crayfish fed with control diet and H. alvei added to rearing water (106 CFU mL−1). As a result of this study, lactic acid bacteria and Hafnia alvei applications did not positively affect growth and survival of stage II A. leptodactylus juveniles. In the future, studies on screening potential probiotic bacteria should be used in vitro and in vivo tests. In addition, it will be useful to investigate the lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus spp. from indigenous microflora of crayfish. Published

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Provoost, P.; Heuven, S.; Soetaert, K.; Laane, R. W. P. M.; Middelburg, J. J.;
    Project: EC | EPOCA (211384)

    Recent observations and modelling studies suggest that biogeochemical changes can mask atmospheric CO2-induced pH decreases. Data collected by the Dutch monitoring authorities in different coastal systems (North Sea, Wadden Sea, Ems-Dollard, Eastern Scheldt and Scheldt estuary) since 1975 provide an excellent opportunity to test whether this is the case in the Dutch coastal zone. The time-series were analysed using Multi-Resolution Analysis (MRA) which resulted in the identification of system-dependent patterns on both seasonal and intra-annual time scales. The observed rates of pH change greatly exceed those expected from enhanced CO2 uptake, thus suggesting that other biogeochemical processes, possibly related to changes in nutrient loading, can play a dominant role in ocean acidification.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Waska, Hannelore; Brumsack, Hans-Jürgen; Massmann, Gudrun; Koschinsky, Andrea; Schnetger, Bernhard; Simon, Heike; Dittmar, Thorsten;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    Data from pore water (subterranean estuary) and seawater from Spiekeroog south (near ICBM time series station and campsite, 53°45'13.5"N 7°40'22.5"E) and west beach ("Sturmeck", 53°46'10.0"N 7°40'26.2"E). South beach data were collected in August 2012, and west beach data were collected in November 2012. Sample abbreviations: SB=South Beach, WB=West Beach. DUNE=most landward station near dunes, MIX=mid-way station between dune base and low water line, LTWL=low tide water line. Pore water (DUNE, MIX, LTWL) sample collection was conducted at different sediment depths (50, 100, 150 cm below sediment surface). Stainless steel push-point lancets were insetred into the sediment, and pore water was withdrawn via vacuum (hand pumps) into nalgene polycarbonate bottles. Filtration was done using inline PES cartridge filters. The vacuum bottles were argon gas-flushed to avoid oxygen contamination. Sea water (SW) was collected with polycarbonate bottles and from LDPE seepage meter bags (SP) and filtered upon return to the laboratory (same day, PES filter cartridges). Sample collection was trace organic and metal clean (soaking and rinsing of bottles, tubing, and filters with diluted HNO3 and HCl suprapur), with sample materials consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, and polycarbonate. Solid-phase extraction was done with BOND Elut PPL cartridges and elution with Methanol Optima grade. Measurements were done with VA Computrace 757 (Cu ligand concentrations and stability constants), HR-ICP-MS (Cu, Fe, and Mn concentrations), FT-ICR-MS (DOM), spectrophotometry (nutrients), and TOC analyzer (DOC and TDN). Trace metal concentrations (Fe, Cu, Mn) and speciation (oxidation state, size fractions, and organic association), as well as nitrogen species and concentrations: "Spiekeroog beach subterranean estuary environmental data". Concentrations (µM or nM) are denoted in the headers. CuL1=Cu-binding ligands concentrations (nM), logK1=Cu-binding ligand stability constant. Molecular composition of dissolved organic matter and associated Fe and Cu: "Spiekeroog beach STE_ESI_x_Crosstab_x". pos & neg = positive and negative ionization mode. BSA & NWA = basic/strong acidic and neutral/weak acidic, refer to the extracted DOM fraction. Processed figures and tables based on the original data are published here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.06.004

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Soomro, A.N.; Baloch, W.A.; Jafri, S.I.H.; Suzuki, H.;

    Present study describes the length-weight (LWR) and length-length (LLR) relationships of a freshwater catfish Eutropiichthyes vacha Hamilton from Indus River, Sindh, Pakistan. A total of 281 specimen of E. vacha were collected from fisherman’s catch from February 2005 to January 2006, are used for this study. The parameters a and b of the length-weight relationship were calculated as W= aLb are presented. The values for allometric coefficient b of the LWR were close to isometric value for male (b = 3.159) and combined values for both sexes (b = 3.053). However, it suggested negative allometric growth for females (b = 2.973). Results for LLRs indicated that these are highly correlated (r 2 > 0.9) P< 0.0001. Published

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to European Marine Science. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
3,409 Research products, page 1 of 341
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mogollón, J. M.; Dale, A. W.; Fossing, H.; Regnier, P.;
    Project: EC | BONUS+ (217246)

    Arkona Basin (southwestern Baltic Sea) is a seasonally-hypoxic basin characterized by the presence of free methane gas in its youngest organic-rich muddy stratum. Through the use of reactive transport models, this study tracks the development of the methane geochemistry in Arkona Basin as this muddy sediment became deposited during the last 8 kyr. Four cores are modeled each pertaining to a unique geochemical scenario according to their respective contemporary geochemical profiles. Ultimately the thickness of the muddy sediment and the flux of particulate organic carbon are crucial in determining the advent of both methanogenesis and free methane gas, the timescales over which methanogenesis takes over as a dominant reaction pathway for organic matter degradation, and the timescales required for free methane gas to form.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    World Bank;
    Publisher: Washington, DC
    Country: United States

    This issue, which serves as the annual review on the environment, looks at the Bank's work from July 2002 through June 2003, dedicated this year to Water and the Environment, on the occasion of the Fifth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa. Following the overview, which reviews progress in the implementation of the Environment strategy, the report presents viewpoints on ways to move forward in delivering water as committed in South Africa, but also reflecting on the need for a more integrated approach to water resources management. Various other articles feature the Bank's new water resources strategy, and environmental flows, that is, from linking catchments to coasts in water resources management, to protected areas as tools for water conservation, and management. Regional articles describe progress in implementing the environment strategy, and supporting client's efforts in promoting appropriate environmental policies, and programs. Highlights from the International Finance Corporation (IFC) scan efforts to promote private sector investment in water supply and sanitation, and environmental improvements, while efforts by the World Bank Institute (WBI) inform on training and learning activities that sponsor policy, and knowledge-sharing as it relates to the environment.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Huse, Geir;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
    Project: EC | EURO-BASIN (264933)

    Acoustic estimates of herring and blue whiting abundance were obtained during the surveys using the Simrad ER60 scientific echosounder. The allocation of NASC-values to herring, blue whiting and other acoustic targets were based on the composition of the trawl catches and the appearance of echo recordings. To estimate the abundance, the allocated NASC -values were averaged for ICES-squares (0.5° latitude by 1° longitude). For each statistical square, the unit area density of fish (rA) in number per square nautical mile (N*nm-2) was calculated using standard equations (Foote et al., 1987; Toresen et al., 1998). To estimate the total abundance of fish, the unit area abundance for each statistical square was multiplied by the number of square nautical miles in each statistical square and then summed for all the statistical squares within defined subareas and over the total area. Biomass estimation was calculated by multiplying abundance in numbers by the average weight of the fish in each statistical square then summing all squares within defined subareas and over the total area. The Norwegian BEAM soft-ware (Totland and Godø 2001) was used to make estimates of total biomass.

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nixdorf, Uwe; Dethloff, Klaus; Rex, Markus; Shupe, Matthew; Sommerfeld, Anja; Perovich, Donald K.; Nicolaus, Marcel; Heuzé, Céline; Rabe, Benjamin; Loose, Brice; +31 more
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Country: Germany

    For years, the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), together with the international MOSAiC partners, had been planning and developing the scientific, logistical and financial concept for the implementation of the MOSAiC expedition. The planning and organization of this endeavor was an enormous e˙ort, involving more than 80 institutions from 20 countries. The number of groups and individuals that significantly contributed to the success of the drift observatory goes far beyond the scope of usual polar expeditions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    World Bank;
    Publisher: Washington, DC
    Country: United States

    This basic Agriculture Public Expenditure Review (AgPER) documents and analyzes information on the volume and structure of Liberia's past public expenditure on the agriculture sector and draws conclusions that can provide an orientation for future policies in view of the effectiveness of spending. The AgPER's focus is on the sectors of agriculture, including crops, fisheries, and forestry, in line with the New Partnership for African Development's (NEPAD) definition of the sectors of focus. This is in accordance with the Maputo Declaration and its target that governments devote ten percent of public expenditure for agricultural development with an aim towards realizing food security and poverty reduction.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dziadek, Ricarda;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    This dataset compiles in-situ temperature measurements for geothermal heat flow estimates and water temperature profiles of the water column, extracted from Miniaturized Temperature data-Logger (MTL). The data were collected during RV POLARSTERN cruise PS104 in 2017 in Amundsen Sea.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dıdınen, B.I.; Bahadır Koca, S.; Metin, S.; Dıler, O.; Erol, K.G.; Dulluc, A.; Koca, H.U.; Yigit, N.O.; Ozkok, R.; Kucukkara, R.;

    The aim of this study was to screen potential probiotic bacteria against Aeromonas hydrophila and determine the effects of antagonistic bacteria and a commercial product containing lactic acid bacteria on the survival and growth of stage II Astacus leptodactylus juveniles. For this purpose, a total of 110 bacterial strains were isolated from adult, stage II crayfish juveniles and rearing water screened for antagonistic activities against A. hydrophila with well diffusion agar assay. Hafnia alvei strain from stage II crayfish juveniles displayed the inhibition zone (10mm) against A. hydrophila. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with four treatments for 60 days: (I) crayfish fed with live food without probiotics (control group); (II) crayfish fed with live food enriched with lactic acid bacteria (0.015 gL-1); (III) crayfish fed with live food enriched with Hafnia alvei (106 CFU mL−1); (IV) crayfish fed with control diet and H. alvei added to rearing water (106 CFU mL−1). As a result of this study, lactic acid bacteria and Hafnia alvei applications did not positively affect growth and survival of stage II A. leptodactylus juveniles. In the future, studies on screening potential probiotic bacteria should be used in vitro and in vivo tests. In addition, it will be useful to investigate the lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus spp. from indigenous microflora of crayfish. Published

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Provoost, P.; Heuven, S.; Soetaert, K.; Laane, R. W. P. M.; Middelburg, J. J.;
    Project: EC | EPOCA (211384)

    Recent observations and modelling studies suggest that biogeochemical changes can mask atmospheric CO2-induced pH decreases. Data collected by the Dutch monitoring authorities in different coastal systems (North Sea, Wadden Sea, Ems-Dollard, Eastern Scheldt and Scheldt estuary) since 1975 provide an excellent opportunity to test whether this is the case in the Dutch coastal zone. The time-series were analysed using Multi-Resolution Analysis (MRA) which resulted in the identification of system-dependent patterns on both seasonal and intra-annual time scales. The observed rates of pH change greatly exceed those expected from enhanced CO2 uptake, thus suggesting that other biogeochemical processes, possibly related to changes in nutrient loading, can play a dominant role in ocean acidification.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Waska, Hannelore; Brumsack, Hans-Jürgen; Massmann, Gudrun; Koschinsky, Andrea; Schnetger, Bernhard; Simon, Heike; Dittmar, Thorsten;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    Data from pore water (subterranean estuary) and seawater from Spiekeroog south (near ICBM time series station and campsite, 53°45'13.5"N 7°40'22.5"E) and west beach ("Sturmeck", 53°46'10.0"N 7°40'26.2"E). South beach data were collected in August 2012, and west beach data were collected in November 2012. Sample abbreviations: SB=South Beach, WB=West Beach. DUNE=most landward station near dunes, MIX=mid-way station between dune base and low water line, LTWL=low tide water line. Pore water (DUNE, MIX, LTWL) sample collection was conducted at different sediment depths (50, 100, 150 cm below sediment surface). Stainless steel push-point lancets were insetred into the sediment, and pore water was withdrawn via vacuum (hand pumps) into nalgene polycarbonate bottles. Filtration was done using inline PES cartridge filters. The vacuum bottles were argon gas-flushed to avoid oxygen contamination. Sea water (SW) was collected with polycarbonate bottles and from LDPE seepage meter bags (SP) and filtered upon return to the laboratory (same day, PES filter cartridges). Sample collection was trace organic and metal clean (soaking and rinsing of bottles, tubing, and filters with diluted HNO3 and HCl suprapur), with sample materials consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, and polycarbonate. Solid-phase extraction was done with BOND Elut PPL cartridges and elution with Methanol Optima grade. Measurements were done with VA Computrace 757 (Cu ligand concentrations and stability constants), HR-ICP-MS (Cu, Fe, and Mn concentrations), FT-ICR-MS (DOM), spectrophotometry (nutrients), and TOC analyzer (DOC and TDN). Trace metal concentrations (Fe, Cu, Mn) and speciation (oxidation state, size fractions, and organic association), as well as nitrogen species and concentrations: "Spiekeroog beach subterranean estuary environmental data". Concentrations (µM or nM) are denoted in the headers. CuL1=Cu-binding ligands concentrations (nM), logK1=Cu-binding ligand stability constant. Molecular composition of dissolved organic matter and associated Fe and Cu: "Spiekeroog beach STE_ESI_x_Crosstab_x". pos & neg = positive and negative ionization mode. BSA & NWA = basic/strong acidic and neutral/weak acidic, refer to the extracted DOM fraction. Processed figures and tables based on the original data are published here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.06.004

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Soomro, A.N.; Baloch, W.A.; Jafri, S.I.H.; Suzuki, H.;

    Present study describes the length-weight (LWR) and length-length (LLR) relationships of a freshwater catfish Eutropiichthyes vacha Hamilton from Indus River, Sindh, Pakistan. A total of 281 specimen of E. vacha were collected from fisherman’s catch from February 2005 to January 2006, are used for this study. The parameters a and b of the length-weight relationship were calculated as W= aLb are presented. The values for allometric coefficient b of the LWR were close to isometric value for male (b = 3.159) and combined values for both sexes (b = 3.053). However, it suggested negative allometric growth for females (b = 2.973). Results for LLRs indicated that these are highly correlated (r 2 > 0.9) P< 0.0001. Published