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83 Research products, page 1 of 9

  • European Marine Science
  • Other research products
  • 2013-2022
  • Aurora Universities Network

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Romero-Alvarez, Johana; Lupaşcu, Aurelia; Lowe, Douglas; Badia, Alba; Acher-Nicholls, Scott; Dorling, Steve R.; Reeves, Claire E.; Butler, Tim;
    Project: EC | ASIBIA (616938)

    Tropospheric ozone (O3) concentrations depend on a combination of hemispheric, regional, and local-scale processes. Estimates of how much O3 is produced locally vs. transported from further afield are essential in air quality management and regulatory policies. Here, a tagged-ozone mechanism within the Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled with chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to quantify the contributions to surface O3 in the UK from anthropogenic nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from inside and outside the UK during May–August 2015. The contribution of the different source regions to three regulatory O3 metrics is also examined. It is shown that model simulations predict the concentration and spatial distribution of surface O3 with a domain-wide mean bias of −3.7 ppbv. Anthropogenic NOx emissions from the UK and Europe account for 13 % and 16 %, respectively, of the monthly mean surface O3 in the UK, as the majority (71 %) of O3 originates from the hemispheric background. Hemispheric O3 contributes the most to concentrations in the north and the west of the UK with peaks in May, whereas European and UK contributions are most significant in the east, south-east, and London, i.e. the UK's most populated areas, intensifying towards June and July. Moreover, O3 from European sources is generally transported to the UK rather than produced in situ. It is demonstrated that more stringent emission controls over continental Europe, particularly in western Europe, would be necessary to improve the health-related metric MDA8 O3 above 50 and 60 ppbv. Emission controls over larger areas, such as the Northern Hemisphere, are instead required to lessen the impacts on ecosystems as quantified by the AOT40 metric.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Expósito N; Rovira J; Sierra J; Gimenez G; Domingo JL; Schuhmacher M;
    Country: Spain

    Microplastics (MPs) are accessible for organisms with active filter feeding strategies, as are many marine molluscs, which live attached or semi-buried in sediments. In the present study, MPs (from 0.02 to 5 mm) concentration, morphology, and composition were determined in consumed mollusc species of the Catalan coast (NW Mediterranean Sea). Microplastic concentrations, morphologic characteristics and composition were studied according to species, catchment zones and depuration condition. Finally, human intake of MPs through molluscs' consumption was determined. >2300 individuals were analysed, being 1460 MPs extracted and their size, and polymeric composition registered. Big oysters and mussels showed the highest MPs concentration by individual, with levels of 22.8 ± 14.4 and 18.6 ± 23.0 MPs/individual, respectively. Mean annual MPs (≥20 μm) consumption for adult population was estimated in 8103 MPs/year, with a 95th percentile of 19,418 MPs/year. It suggests that the consumption of molluscs is an important route of MPs exposure for the Catalan population.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wu, Jiawang; Liu, Zhifei; Michard, Annie; Tachikawa, Kazuyo; Filippidi, Amalia; He, Zhiwei; Hennekam, Rick; Yang, Shouye; Davies, Gareth R; de Lange, Gert J;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    Here we present the data of a sequential extraction scheme, which aims to evaluate the effect of barite-bound Sr in the residual fraction after decarbonation. The investigation is done with pertinent examples for Mediterranean sediments, focusing on the most-recent sapropel S1 interval. A total of 130 samples were taken from 10 cores in the eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMS) and 1 core in the western Mediterranean Sea. This selection represents a geographic and bathymetric coverage of the EMS and permits the basin-wide comparison between organic-rich and -lean sediments. After decarbonation using 1 M HCl solution, the residual sediments were subject to NH4Cl extraction (2 M, pH 7), known to selectively dissolve barite. Our results demonstrate the presence of Sr-bearing barite after traditional carbonate removal and its effect on the derived “detrital” Sr signature, with important implications for detrital provenance studies.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Marques, Montse; Torres, Carmen M.; Garcia-Fernandez, Fernando; Mantur-Vierendeel, Angelika; Roe, Mark; Wilson, Annette M.; Reuver, Marieke; Nadal, Marti; Domingo, Jose L.;
    Country: Spain

    Since seafood is a significant source of nutrients with known health benefits, its consumption is promoted as a healthy food choice. However, seafood can also contain potentially hazardous environmental pollutants. In the context of the ECsafeSEAFOOD FP7 project, FishChoice (www.fishchoice.eu) was developed as a communication tool to help to the consumers to take the most appropriate decisions on their seafood consumption habits. FishChoice relies on scientific information that allows calculating, on an individual basis, intakes of nutrients and pollutants derived from seafood consumption. In the framework of the EU-H2020 funded SEAFOODTOMORROW project, an optimized version of the online tool has been released. FishChoice is available in 25 EU languages with a customized list of seafood species per EU country, considering specific (national) consumption habits. The list of nutrients has been extended according to the latest EFSA recommendations, while pollutants data incorporate results from recent studies. The sustainability of seafood consumption has been also implemented, providing recommendations to help preserve the marine environment. Finally, FishChoice is suitable not only for consumers, but also health professionals, schools and academia, as well as the industrial sector and public health providers.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kumar, Vikas; Kumar, Saurav;
    Country: Spain

    Seafood, one of the most important food commodities consumed worldwide, is considered a high-quality, healthy, and safe food option. However, marine ecosystems are the ultimate destination for a large group of chemicals, including contaminants of emerging concern, and seafood consumption is a major pathway of human exposure. With growing awareness of food safety and food quality, and increased demand for information on the risk of contaminants of emerging concern, there is a need to assess food safety issues related to harmful contaminants in seafood and ensure the safety of marine food resources. In this study, the risks of emerging compounds (endocrine disruptors, brominated flame retardants, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, and toxic elements) in fish and seafood were analyzed according to their PBT (persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity) properties as well as in terms of their concentration levels in seafood. A hazard index (HI) was estimated for each compound by applying an artificial neural network (ANN) approach known as Self-Organizing-Maps. Subsequently, an integrated risk rank (IRI) was developed considering the values of HI and the concentrations of emerging compounds in seafood species gathered from the scientific literature. Current results identified HHCB, MeHg, NP, AHTN and PBDE209 as the top five highest ranked compounds present in seafood, according to the 50th percentile (mean) of the IRI. However, this ranking slightly changed when taking into account the 99th percentile of the IRI, showing toxic elements, methylmercury and inorganic arsenic, as having the highest risk. The outcome of this study identified the priority contaminants and should help in regulatory decision-making and scientific panels to design screening programs as well as t

  • Other research product . Collection . Other ORP type . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    van der Does, Michèlle; Wengler, Marc; Lamy, Frank; Martínez-García, Alfredo; Jaccard, Samuel L; Kuhn, Gerhard; Lanny, Verena; Stuut, Jan-Berend W; Winckler, Gisela;
    Publisher: PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

    This dataset describes dust particle size of two marine sediment records in the Southern Ocean. The first record is South-Pacific core PS75/056-1 (55.16°S, 114.78°W; at 3581m water depth), recovered during R/V Polarstern expedition ANT-XXVI/2, PS75 (Gersonde, 2011). Samples from 0.07-9.93 m core depth were analysed (N=183), and grain sizes were analysed with the laser particle sizer Beckmann Coulter LS13 320 at NIOZ, The Netherlands. This record spans the last ~260 kyr. The second sediment record is ODP Site 1090 (42.91°S, 8.90°E, at 3702m water depth), recovered during the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 177 expedition (Gersonde et al., 1999). Samples from 0.00-4.84 m were analysed (N=333), and grain sizes for ODP Site 1090 were analysed with the laser particle sizer Malvern Mastersizer 2000 at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. This record spans the last ~160 kyr. For both records, grain-size analyses were performed on the isolated terrigenous fraction, after the biogenic components (organics, carbonates and biogenic opals) were removed. In addition, different size fractions were determined, and the mean grain sizes of four size fractions were calculated using the program GRADISTAT (Blott & Pye, 2001).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    González, N., Correig, E., Marmelo, I., Marques, A., la Cour, R., Sloth, J.J., Nadal, M., Marquès, M., Domingo, J.L.;
    Country: Spain

    Although sushi is considered as a healthy food, it can also be a route of exposure to chemical contaminants such as potentially toxic trace elements. In this study, we analysed the concentration of Cd, I, Ni, Pb and total Hg, as well as iAs and MeHg in sushi samples. Iodine levels were higher in samples containing seaweed, while iAs concentrations were greater in rice-containing sushi. In turn, total Hg and MeHg were significantly higher in sushi samples with tuna. Health risks of sushi consumption were assessed for three population groups: children, adolescents and adults. Considering an average intake of 8 sushi pieces for adults and adolescents, and 3 sushi pieces for children, the estimated exposure to MeHg by adolescents exceeded the tolerable daily intake set by EFSA, while MeHg intake by children and adults was below, but close to that threshold. A relatively high daily exposure of Ni and Pb was also found, especially for adolescents. Since this study focused only on the consumption of sushi, the contribution of other food groups to the overall dietary exposure should not be disregarded. It might lead to an exposure to MeHg and other trace elements above the health-based guideline values.

  • Embargo
    Authors: 
    Okoye, Esther Amaka; Bocca, Beatrice; Ruggieri, Flavia; Ezejiofor, Anthonett N.; Nwaogazie, Ify L.; Domingo, Jose L.; Rovira, Joaquim; Frazzoli, Chiara; Orisakwe, Orish E.;
    Country: Spain

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed compounds with two or more fused aromatic ring, being some of them classified as carcinogenic. In the present study, the concentrations of 16 PAHs and the sum of them (Sigma PAHs) were determined in samples of food, feed, plant and soil collected in six different heavily polluted areas (Choba, Khana, Trans Amadi, Eleme, Uyo and Yenagoa) of the Niger Delta Region (Nigeria). Principal component analysis (PCA) was then used to identify groups of variables (PAHs) and groups of samples that were the best in rendering the environmental pollution in that Region of Nigeria. In addition, PAHs food consumption and the derived carcinogenic risks were assessed in a probabilistic way. The highest Sigma PAHs (mg/kg) were: 16.7 in cow meat, 8.06 in goat meat, 25.4 in chicken meat, 7.72 in fish, 28.70 in fish feed, 15.3 in chicken feed, 8.42 in plant, and 8.80 in soil. In most of the Nigerian areas, cooked cow meat, chicken and chicken feed presented the highest impact regarding PAHs contamination. The highest intake of PAHs was through meat consumption, with a very high and unassumable carcinogenic risk, which is quite above 10(-5) for some PAHs, including benzo [a]pyrene. The results of the present survey highlight the importance of reducing PAHs content in food, specially in meat, in the Niger Delta region.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Shkembi, Xhensila; Skouridou, Vasso; Svobodova, Marketa; Leonardo, Sandra; Bashammakh, Abdulaziz S.; Alyoubi, Abdulrahman O.; Campàs, Mònica; O?Sullivan, Ciara K.;
    Country: Spain
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Luque, Veronica; Closa-Monasterolo, Ricardo; Grote, Veit; Ambrosini, Gina L.; Zaragoza-Jordana, Marta; Ferre, Natalia; Theurich, Melissa; Koletzko, Berthold; Verduci, Elvira; Gruszfeld, Dariusz; +2 more
    Country: Spain

    Background & aims: it has previously been described that dietary patterns established early in life tracked to late childhood. The aim of the present work was to analyse the association of dietary patterns that tracked from 2 to 8y with cardiometabolic markers at 8y of age.Methods: The 3 identified patterns at 2y (that previous analyses showed to track to age 8y) were: "Core(DP)", loaded for vegetables, fruits, fish, olive oil, etc.; "F&S-DP", loaded by poor-quality fats and sugars; and "Protein(DP)", mainly loaded by animal protein sources. Cardiometabolic markers at 8y were systolic blood pressure (SBP), insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and triglycerides, and BMI z-score. To examine whether the association of diet with the outcomes was the result of a direct effect of diet at either two or 8y, or synergy between them, we used structural equation models.Results: the associations between the patterns and the health outcomes were: Core(DP) was inversely associated with SBP and HOMA-IR; Protein(DP) was directly associated with HOMA-IR and SBP; and adherence to F&S-DP was directly associated with triglycerides and SBP. The associations between the patterns and the health outcomes were independent of BMI and were the result of a direct effect of diet at 2y, an indirect effect of diet at 2y through diet at 8y or a combination between both pathways.Conclusion: dietary patterns acquired in early life, persisting to later childhood, were associated with cardiometabolic markers at school age independently of BMI. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.