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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Aumont, Olivier; Rodgers, Keith;

    The repository contains the version of PISCES that was used to investigate the role played by low latitudes and the Southern Ocean at sustaining export production and PP in the low latitudes. This code is based on version 3.6 of NEMO and the repository only includes routines that have been changed with respect to this version. The code is in Fortran 90.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Krastel, Sebastian;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Electronic Publicati...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Brandt, Peter; Körner, Mareike;

    Code and data to reproduce the analysis and figures in "Synchronous drivers of equatorial Atlantic productivity" by Brandt et al.

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  • Authors: Anhaus, Philipp; Schiller, Martin; Planat, Noémie; Katlein, Christian; +1 Authors

    Nitrate and UV-absorbance spectra were measured by a SUNA V2 UV-spectrometer (Satlantic) mounted in the sensor skid of a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) during the ARTofMELT2023 expedition in May and June 2023. The instrument header is SATSLS0847. Data use manufacturer calibration.

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  • Authors: Anhaus, Philipp; Schiller, Martin; Planat, Noémie; Katlein, Christian; +1 Authors

    Quicklook plots for all data collected using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) during the ARTofMELT2023 expedition in May and June 2023.

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    Authors: Jurányi, Zsófia; Herber, Andreas;

    During the HALO-(AC)³ aircraft campaign in 2022, onboard of Polar 6 aircraft, refractory black carbon (BC) mass and number concentration was measured by a single particle soot photometer (SP2) in the mass equivalent diameter range of 70-675 nm. The instrument was installed behind the counter-flow virtual impactor (CVI) inlet, and therefore measured the BC properties of cloud residuals when the aircraft flew through clouds and the counter flow was switched on. During out-of cloud measurements, the counter flow of the CVI was switched off and the instrument measured the total aerosol's BC properties. In the data files, the column CVI_flag indicates if total aerosol was sampled (value of 0), cloud residuals were sampled (value of 1). A CVI_flag value of 2 indicates that the inlet counter flow was currently switched on or off and therefore the measurement is not valid. The provided time resolution is 3 seconds.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Hoffmann-Abdi, Kirstin; Meyer, Hanno; Fernandoy, Francisco; Freitag, Johannes; +5 Authors

    Firn cores OH-7, OH-9 and OH-12 were retrieved from Plateau Laclavere, a small ice cap on the northernmost end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Firn core LP-01 was recovered from Plateau Louis Phillipe, which is located approximately 40 km south of Plateau Laclavere. OH-7 and OH-9 were drilled in January 2014 at an altitude of approximately 1130 m above sea level (a.s.l.) to a depth of 15.31 m and 11.65 m, respectively, using a mechanical 9 cm diameter drilling device (Rufli auger). OH-12 was drilled in January 2016 at about 1090 m a.s.l. to a depth of 19.93 m. LP-01 was also drilled in January 2016 at about 1390 m a.s.l. to a depth of 21.38 m. OH-12 and LP-01 were obtained using a portable solar-powered and electrically operated ice-core drill (Backpack Drill; icedrill.ch AG). Density measurements of the four firn cores were performed at the ice-core processing facilities of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, in 2014/2015 (OH-9), 2016 (OH-7, OH-12) and 2018 (LP-01). X-ray microfocus computer tomography (ICE-CT; Freitag et al., 2013, DOI: 10.3189/2013JoG13J028) was used for the measurements, providing depth-density profiles with a resolution of better than 1 mm. The density data were used to analyse the firn core stratigraphy (e.g., determination of the snow-firn transition depth, identification of melt layers), to calculate diffusion lengths as well as to derive accumulation rates for the firn-core drill sites.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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  • Authors: Krock, Bernd; Tillmann, Urban; Möller, Kristof; Koch, Florian; +6 Authors

    The data set was acquired during the PHYCOB cruise in the frame of the Eurofleets+ programme (https://www.eurofleets.eu/2021/10/22/phycob-an-international-oceanographic-expedition-into-the-western-black-sea-coordinated-by-the-alfred-wegner-institut-helmholtz-zentrum-fur-polar-und-meeresforschung-awi/) within the Regional call in the territorrial waters of Romania and Bulgaria in the Western Baltic Sea from 11th to 17th September 2021. The aim of the cruise was to assess the occurrence of potentially harmfal algae and their associated phycotoxins in the Black Sea and the accompanying environmental parameters. Sampling was performed by CTD casts and Rosette water sampling in addition to vertical phytoplankton net hauls from 30 m depth to surface. The determined parameters include the following: Quantitative phytoplankton cell counts in water samples, qulitative determination of toxigenic species next generation sequencing data in plankton net concentrates, monoclonanal cultures established from water sample isolates, phycotoxins in plankton net concentrates, inorganic nitruinets (nitrate/nitrite, phosphate, silicate) , vitamin B12, particulate organic carbon, particulate organic nitrogen, flowcytometry data, and CTD data (temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, oxygen, turbidity, radiance).

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    Authors: Humbert, Angelika; Sondershaus, Rabea; Gross, Dietmar; Müller, Ralf;

    Calving of iceberg at ice shelves and floating glacier tongues is a poorly understood process, hence a physically motivated calving law is not yet existing. The demands on developing appropriate models for calving is large, as calving rates are needed for large scale ice sheet models that simulate the evolution of ice sheets. Here, we present a new approach for simulating fracture in ice. Our model is based on a finite strain theory for a viscoelastic Maxwell material, as the large simulation time leads to high strains. The fracturing process is simulated using a fracture phase field model that takes into account the elastic strain energy. We conduct simulations for a typical calving front geometry, with ice rises governing the formation of cracks. To represent the stress state adequately, we first conduct a spin-up to allow the viscous contribution to develop before the fracture phase field is computed. The analysis comprises the assessment of the crack path in comparison to observations, the influence of the spin-up, as well as elastic versus viscous strain contributions based on Hencky strain. Additionally, an estimate of released energy based on high resolution optical imagery of a Greenlandic calving front is presented.

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    Authors: Hoffmann-Abdi, Kirstin; Fernandoy, Francisco; Meyer, Hanno; Thomas, Elizabeth R; +12 Authors

    Firn cores BAL-1 and PASO-1 were both retrieved in November 2015 from the Union Glacier region, located in the Ellsworth Mountains at the northern edge of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. BAL-1 was drilled in a U-shaped glacial valley (Balish Glacier) at an altitude of approximately 1520 m above sea level (a.s.l.) to a depth of 17.28 m. PASO-1 was drilled on a plateau west of the Gifford Peaks at an altitude of about 1920 m a.s.l. to a depth of 15.04 m. Both firn cores were obtained using a portable solar-powered and electrically operated ice-core drill (Backpack Drill; icedrill.ch AG). Density measurements of the two firn cores were performed at the ice-core processing facilities of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, in spring and autumn 2016. X-ray microfocus computer tomography (ICE-CT; Freitag et al., 2013, doi:10.3189/2013JoG13J028) was used for the measurements, providing depth-density profiles with a resolution of better than 1 mm. The density data were used to analyse the firn core stratigraphy (e.g., determination of the snow-firn transition depth, identification of wind crusts), to calculate diffusion lengths as well as to derive accumulation rates for the firn-core drill sites.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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8,520 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Aumont, Olivier; Rodgers, Keith;

    The repository contains the version of PISCES that was used to investigate the role played by low latitudes and the Southern Ocean at sustaining export production and PP in the low latitudes. This code is based on version 3.6 of NEMO and the repository only includes routines that have been changed with respect to this version. The code is in Fortran 90.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ ZENODOarrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Krastel, Sebastian;
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    Authors: Brandt, Peter; Körner, Mareike;

    Code and data to reproduce the analysis and figures in "Synchronous drivers of equatorial Atlantic productivity" by Brandt et al.

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  • Authors: Anhaus, Philipp; Schiller, Martin; Planat, Noémie; Katlein, Christian; +1 Authors

    Nitrate and UV-absorbance spectra were measured by a SUNA V2 UV-spectrometer (Satlantic) mounted in the sensor skid of a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) during the ARTofMELT2023 expedition in May and June 2023. The instrument header is SATSLS0847. Data use manufacturer calibration.

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  • Authors: Anhaus, Philipp; Schiller, Martin; Planat, Noémie; Katlein, Christian; +1 Authors

    Quicklook plots for all data collected using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) during the ARTofMELT2023 expedition in May and June 2023.

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    Authors: Jurányi, Zsófia; Herber, Andreas;

    During the HALO-(AC)³ aircraft campaign in 2022, onboard of Polar 6 aircraft, refractory black carbon (BC) mass and number concentration was measured by a single particle soot photometer (SP2) in the mass equivalent diameter range of 70-675 nm. The instrument was installed behind the counter-flow virtual impactor (CVI) inlet, and therefore measured the BC properties of cloud residuals when the aircraft flew through clouds and the counter flow was switched on. During out-of cloud measurements, the counter flow of the CVI was switched off and the instrument measured the total aerosol's BC properties. In the data files, the column CVI_flag indicates if total aerosol was sampled (value of 0), cloud residuals were sampled (value of 1). A CVI_flag value of 2 indicates that the inlet counter flow was currently switched on or off and therefore the measurement is not valid. The provided time resolution is 3 seconds.

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    Authors: Hoffmann-Abdi, Kirstin; Meyer, Hanno; Fernandoy, Francisco; Freitag, Johannes; +5 Authors

    Firn cores OH-7, OH-9 and OH-12 were retrieved from Plateau Laclavere, a small ice cap on the northernmost end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Firn core LP-01 was recovered from Plateau Louis Phillipe, which is located approximately 40 km south of Plateau Laclavere. OH-7 and OH-9 were drilled in January 2014 at an altitude of approximately 1130 m above sea level (a.s.l.) to a depth of 15.31 m and 11.65 m, respectively, using a mechanical 9 cm diameter drilling device (Rufli auger). OH-12 was drilled in January 2016 at about 1090 m a.s.l. to a depth of 19.93 m. LP-01 was also drilled in January 2016 at about 1390 m a.s.l. to a depth of 21.38 m. OH-12 and LP-01 were obtained using a portable solar-powered and electrically operated ice-core drill (Backpack Drill; icedrill.ch AG). Density measurements of the four firn cores were performed at the ice-core processing facilities of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, in 2014/2015 (OH-9), 2016 (OH-7, OH-12) and 2018 (LP-01). X-ray microfocus computer tomography (ICE-CT; Freitag et al., 2013, DOI: 10.3189/2013JoG13J028) was used for the measurements, providing depth-density profiles with a resolution of better than 1 mm. The density data were used to analyse the firn core stratigraphy (e.g., determination of the snow-firn transition depth, identification of melt layers), to calculate diffusion lengths as well as to derive accumulation rates for the firn-core drill sites.

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  • Authors: Krock, Bernd; Tillmann, Urban; Möller, Kristof; Koch, Florian; +6 Authors

    The data set was acquired during the PHYCOB cruise in the frame of the Eurofleets+ programme (https://www.eurofleets.eu/2021/10/22/phycob-an-international-oceanographic-expedition-into-the-western-black-sea-coordinated-by-the-alfred-wegner-institut-helmholtz-zentrum-fur-polar-und-meeresforschung-awi/) within the Regional call in the territorrial waters of Romania and Bulgaria in the Western Baltic Sea from 11th to 17th September 2021. The aim of the cruise was to assess the occurrence of potentially harmfal algae and their associated phycotoxins in the Black Sea and the accompanying environmental parameters. Sampling was performed by CTD casts and Rosette water sampling in addition to vertical phytoplankton net hauls from 30 m depth to surface. The determined parameters include the following: Quantitative phytoplankton cell counts in water samples, qulitative determination of toxigenic species next generation sequencing data in plankton net concentrates, monoclonanal cultures established from water sample isolates, phycotoxins in plankton net concentrates, inorganic nitruinets (nitrate/nitrite, phosphate, silicate) , vitamin B12, particulate organic carbon, particulate organic nitrogen, flowcytometry data, and CTD data (temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, oxygen, turbidity, radiance).

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    Authors: Humbert, Angelika; Sondershaus, Rabea; Gross, Dietmar; Müller, Ralf;

    Calving of iceberg at ice shelves and floating glacier tongues is a poorly understood process, hence a physically motivated calving law is not yet existing. The demands on developing appropriate models for calving is large, as calving rates are needed for large scale ice sheet models that simulate the evolution of ice sheets. Here, we present a new approach for simulating fracture in ice. Our model is based on a finite strain theory for a viscoelastic Maxwell material, as the large simulation time leads to high strains. The fracturing process is simulated using a fracture phase field model that takes into account the elastic strain energy. We conduct simulations for a typical calving front geometry, with ice rises governing the formation of cracks. To represent the stress state adequately, we first conduct a spin-up to allow the viscous contribution to develop before the fracture phase field is computed. The analysis comprises the assessment of the crack path in comparison to observations, the influence of the spin-up, as well as elastic versus viscous strain contributions based on Hencky strain. Additionally, an estimate of released energy based on high resolution optical imagery of a Greenlandic calving front is presented.

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    Authors: Hoffmann-Abdi, Kirstin; Fernandoy, Francisco; Meyer, Hanno; Thomas, Elizabeth R; +12 Authors

    Firn cores BAL-1 and PASO-1 were both retrieved in November 2015 from the Union Glacier region, located in the Ellsworth Mountains at the northern edge of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. BAL-1 was drilled in a U-shaped glacial valley (Balish Glacier) at an altitude of approximately 1520 m above sea level (a.s.l.) to a depth of 17.28 m. PASO-1 was drilled on a plateau west of the Gifford Peaks at an altitude of about 1920 m a.s.l. to a depth of 15.04 m. Both firn cores were obtained using a portable solar-powered and electrically operated ice-core drill (Backpack Drill; icedrill.ch AG). Density measurements of the two firn cores were performed at the ice-core processing facilities of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) in Bremerhaven, Germany, in spring and autumn 2016. X-ray microfocus computer tomography (ICE-CT; Freitag et al., 2013, doi:10.3189/2013JoG13J028) was used for the measurements, providing depth-density profiles with a resolution of better than 1 mm. The density data were used to analyse the firn core stratigraphy (e.g., determination of the snow-firn transition depth, identification of wind crusts), to calculate diffusion lengths as well as to derive accumulation rates for the firn-core drill sites.

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