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  • European Marine Science
  • 2019-2023
  • Other research products
  • EU
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Veiros, Li; Schweinfurth, Manon K.; Webster, Mike M.;

    This work was funded by an EASTBIO DTP scholarship to A. Li Veiros. Cooperative behaviours, which benefit a recipient, are widespread in the animal kingdom; yet their evolution is not straightforward. Reciprocity, i.e., cooperating with previously experienced cooperative partners, has been suggested to underly cooperation, but has been contested throughout the years. Once a textbook example of reciprocity was cooperative predator inspection, where one or several individuals leave their group to approach a potential threat. Each can at any point stop or retreat, increasing the risk for its partner. It was suggested that inspecting individuals follow a specific reciprocal strategy called tit-for-tat, i.e., cooperating on the first move and then copying the partner's last move. Numerous studies provide evidence to support the claim that fish cooperate to inspect predators, including three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus), guppies (Poecilia reticulata) and minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus). However, over the past few decades some scholars have expressed scepticism whether predator inspection is indeed a cooperative behaviour or rather a case of by-product mutualism, which describes behaviours that benefit a partner as a corollary of an otherwise selfish behaviour. For instance, it has been shown that pairs of fish moving in unfamiliar environments appear to coordinate movements even in the absence of predators. Many studies have also used coarse measures of overall approach rates towards predators rather than the fine-grained analyses necessary to infer tit-for-tat in cooperative inspections. Now is the time to return to the question of cooperative predator inspection with new tools and approaches to resolve a decades-old debate. Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Hamilton, Ruta;

    This is the December 2023 edition of the OCEAN:ICE Newsletter. The original newsletter is posted on the OCEAN:ICE LinkedIn. For those who do not have access to LinkedIn, we upload the newsletter to Zenodo and the website.

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  • Authors: Ricour, Florian; Guidi, Lionel; Gehlen, Marion; DeVries, Timothy; +1 Authors
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    Authors: King, Amy;

    Bootstrapped Monte Carlo spline and confidence interval generation for ice core gas records in: 'Reconciling ice core CO2 and land-use change following New World-Old World contact'.

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    This newsletter is part of the OCEAN:ICE Dissemination activities, OCEAN:ICE News. Newsletters are released every month on the OCEAN:ICE LinkedIn page and uploaded to the project's website and Zenodo. 

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bohaty, SM; Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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    Authors: Bohaty, SM; Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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    Authors: Bohaty, SM; Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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    Authors: Bohaty, SM; Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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    Authors: Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Bohaty, SM; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Veiros, Li; Schweinfurth, Manon K.; Webster, Mike M.;

    This work was funded by an EASTBIO DTP scholarship to A. Li Veiros. Cooperative behaviours, which benefit a recipient, are widespread in the animal kingdom; yet their evolution is not straightforward. Reciprocity, i.e., cooperating with previously experienced cooperative partners, has been suggested to underly cooperation, but has been contested throughout the years. Once a textbook example of reciprocity was cooperative predator inspection, where one or several individuals leave their group to approach a potential threat. Each can at any point stop or retreat, increasing the risk for its partner. It was suggested that inspecting individuals follow a specific reciprocal strategy called tit-for-tat, i.e., cooperating on the first move and then copying the partner's last move. Numerous studies provide evidence to support the claim that fish cooperate to inspect predators, including three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus), guppies (Poecilia reticulata) and minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus). However, over the past few decades some scholars have expressed scepticism whether predator inspection is indeed a cooperative behaviour or rather a case of by-product mutualism, which describes behaviours that benefit a partner as a corollary of an otherwise selfish behaviour. For instance, it has been shown that pairs of fish moving in unfamiliar environments appear to coordinate movements even in the absence of predators. Many studies have also used coarse measures of overall approach rates towards predators rather than the fine-grained analyses necessary to infer tit-for-tat in cooperative inspections. Now is the time to return to the question of cooperative predator inspection with new tools and approaches to resolve a decades-old debate. Peer reviewed

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    Authors: Hamilton, Ruta;

    This is the December 2023 edition of the OCEAN:ICE Newsletter. The original newsletter is posted on the OCEAN:ICE LinkedIn. For those who do not have access to LinkedIn, we upload the newsletter to Zenodo and the website.

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  • Authors: Ricour, Florian; Guidi, Lionel; Gehlen, Marion; DeVries, Timothy; +1 Authors
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    Authors: King, Amy;

    Bootstrapped Monte Carlo spline and confidence interval generation for ice core gas records in: 'Reconciling ice core CO2 and land-use change following New World-Old World contact'.

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    This newsletter is part of the OCEAN:ICE Dissemination activities, OCEAN:ICE News. Newsletters are released every month on the OCEAN:ICE LinkedIn page and uploaded to the project's website and Zenodo. 

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    Authors: Bohaty, SM; Uenzelmann-Neben, G; Childress, LB; Archontikis, OA; +27 Authors
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