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253 Research products

  • European Marine Science
  • 2018-2022
  • Other research products
  • European Commission
  • EC|H2020
  • English

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Stefanidis Fotios; Stefanou Evangelos; Boulougouris Evangelos; Karagiannidis Lazaros; +4 Authors

    Despite the current high level of safety and the efforts to make passenger ships resilient to most fire and flooding scenarios, there are still gaps and challenges in the marine emergency response and ship evacuation processes. Those challenges arise from the fact that both processes are complex, multi-variable problems that rely on parameters involving not only people and technology but also procedural and managerial issues. SafePASS Project, funded under EU’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, is set to radically redefine the evacuation processes by introducing new equipment, expanding the capabilities of legacy systems on-board, proposing new Life-Saving Appliances and ship layouts, and challenging the current international regulations, hence reducing the uncertainty, and increasing the efficiency in all the stages of ship evacuation and abandonment process.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ https://doi.org/10.5...arrow_drop_down
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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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    Authors: Galgani, Luisa; Tzempelikou, Eleni; Kalantzi, Ioanna; Tsiola, Anastasia; +8 Authors

    Microplastics are substrates for microbial activity and can influence biomass production. This has potentially important implications at the sea-surface microlayer, the marine boundary layer that controls gas exchange with the atmosphere and where biologically produced organic compounds can accumulate. In the present study, we used large scale mesocosms (filled with 3 m3 of seawater) to simulate future ocean scenarios. We explored microbial organic matter dynamics in the sea-surface microlayer in the presence and absence of microplastic contamination of the underlying water. Our study shows that microplastics increased both biomass production and enrichment of particulate carbohydrates and proteins in the sea-surface microlayer. Importantly, this resulted in a 3% reduction in the concentration of dissolved CO2 in the underlying water. This reduction suggests direct and indirect impacts of microplastic pollution on the marine uptake of CO2, by modifying the biogenic composition of the sea’s boundary layer with the atmosphere.

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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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    Authors: Martín-González, Elena; Alskaf, Ebraham; Chiribiri, Amedeo; Casaseca-de-la-Higuera, Pablo; +3 Authors

    First-pass perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (FPP-CMR) is becoming essential to detect blow flow anomalies. However, the need for real-time acquisitions limits the achievable spatial resolution and coverage of the heart. To keep both within a reasonable range, FPP-CMR needs to be accelerated. A SElf-Supervised aCcelerated REconsTruction (SECRET) DL framework is presented to speed-up reconstruction of FPP-CMR images from undersampled (k,t)-space data. The physical reconstruction models are used to train deep neural networks without requiring fully sampled images. SECRET achieves good quality reconstructions at a variety of acceleration rates, with significant speed-ups compared to the state-of-the-art.

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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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    Authors: Katharina Biely;

    This is the English version of the informed consent that has been used for staekholder interactions. Similar forms have been used for focus groups and workshops.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Brandon, Margaux; Duchamp-Alphonse, Stéphanie; Michel, Elisabeth; Landais, Amaëlle; +6 Authors

    Micropaleontological (coccolith, planktonic foraminifera) and geochemical (CaCO3, CaXRF, δ18O N. pachyderma, δ13C N. pachyderma) analyses from sediment core MD04-2718 retrieved from the Subantarctic zone (SAZ) of the Indian Southern Ocean covering the time interval from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 12 to MIS 10 (440,000– 360,000 years). Coccolith abundances and masses were performed using SYRACO software at Geoscience Paris-Saclay Laboratory (GEOPS). CaCO3 percentages were also measured at GEOPS. Foraminifera abundances and masses and stable oxygen and carbon isotopes were performed at Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE). SST were calculated using two methods : the Modern Analogue Technique (Haddam et al., 2016) and the percentage of N. pachyderma s. (Govin et al., 2009). CaXRF measurements were performed at ETH, Zurich. These approaches allowed to decipher the variations in Carbonate Counter Pump and upwelling strength in the Indian Sector of the Southern Ocean between MIS 12 and MIS 10, including the Termination V and interglacial MIS 11.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ PANGAEA - Data Publi...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Vinther, Bo Møllesøe; Freitag, Johannes; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Weißbach, Stefanie; +3 Authors

    The firn core array of the North Greenland Traverse (NGT) provides unique climatic information for North Greenland until the mid 1990ies. In order to extend this climate record into more recent time, some of the drill sites were revisited and extension cores were drilled. The record is a composite of snow liners (from the surface to 1.29 m depth) and a consecutive firn core from 1.47 m depth to 30.00 m depth with a diameter of 75 cm. Density was measured by weighing the 55 cm long bags. Stable oxygen isotopes (δ18O) were measured at the Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark. Using raw, un-calibrated dielectrical profiling (DEP) data from the field (NEEM Set-up), volcanic tie points were derived. Together with the smoothed density data and the isotopic composition the record was dated by layer counting. The annual mean values of δ18O were obtained based on this dating. Based on the density measurements and the dating, the annual accumulation rate in water equivalent depth was derived.

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    Authors: Guerreiro, Catarina V; Baumann, Karl-Heinz; Brummer, Geert-Jan A; Valente, André; +4 Authors

    Data refer to export fluxes of carbonate produced by calcifying phytoplankton (coccolithophores), and coccolith-CaCO₃ percent contribution to total carbonate flux across the tropical North Atlantic, from upwelling affected NW Africa, via three ocean sites along 12°N to the Caribbean. Sampling was undertaken by means of a spatial array of four time-series sediment traps (i.e., CB at 21°N 20°W; M1U at 12°N 23°W; M2U at 14°N 37°W; M4U at 12°N 49°W; Guerreiro et al., 2021) collecting particle fluxes in two-week intervals, from October 2012 to February 2014, allowing to track temporal changes along the southern margin of the North Atlantic central gyre. Auxiliary PIC (Particulate Inorganic Carbon) data from NASA's Ocean Biology Processing Group (https://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov) are also provided for the sediment sampling period at all four trap sites. Particle flux data (mg/m²/d) of CaCO₃, organic matter, particulate organic carbon (POC), biogenic silica (bSiO₂) and unspecified residual fraction are provided for sediment trap site CB.

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    Authors: Sodemann, Harald; Touzeau, Alexandra;

    Water vapour stable isotope composition (delta 18-O and delta 2-H) with respect to VSMOW have been measured continuously together with specific humidity, using a ship-mounted infrared spectrometer, during the INTAROS research cruise in August 2018 in the vicinity of Svalbard. In addition, stable water isotopes in precipitation, ocean surface water, and from CTD casts have been gathered at several occasions. The water isotope data are supplemented by continous measurements of meteorological parameters, including ambient pressure, air temperature, relative humidity, cloud height, visibility, wind speed, and wind direction, water temperature. All data have been collected during the INTAROS cruise on board KV Svalbard, lasting from 30 July to 18 August 2018. Water vapour isotope and meteorology data have been averaged at a 1 min resolution. The cruise started and ended at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway, and covered part of the Fram strait to the west of Svalbard, and the Marginal Ice Zone north of the Svalbard Archipelago. A Picarro L2140-i water vapour isotope analyzer was installed onboard KV Svalbard during the INTAROS cruise with a heated inlet system at 10m above the ocean surface, flushed by a manifold pump at about 10 L per minute. Discrete water samples from precipitation were taken on an event basis in an open collector. Ocean surface water samples were taken from a bucket, and samples from CTD casts were taken from Niskin bottles. All liquid samples were analysed for delta 18-O and delta 2-H at FARLAB, University of Bergen, Norway. Data from corresponding CTD casts were used to extract salinity information at the depth of sea water isotope samples (doi:10.21335/NMDC-NERSC-1161526892). Meteorological data from the ship mounted meteorology payload have been provided by Meteorologisk Institutt, Oslo, Norway.

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    Authors: Brandt, Peter; Krahmann, Gerd;

    Comparison of the equatorial upwelling system, the northern coastal upwelling system of the Gulf of Guinea and the tropical Angolan upwelling system.

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    Authors: Horstmann, Jochen; Carrasco, Ruben; Calil, Paulo H R; Iudicone, Daniele; +2 Authors

    During the project Mission Microbiomes with the RV Tara (August to September 2021) 43 Lagrangian drifters were deployed off the eastern coast of Brazil to monitor the surface flow. The drifters were designed and built at Hereon to follow the upper surface flow (upper ~ 50 cm). These Hereon drifter consist of a 20 cm x 7.5 cm long tube, with a floatation ring at the top. Furthermore, a drogue of 35 cm in both length and diameter is attached, via a flexible cord, in a distance of 20 cm to the tube. When deployed about 5 cm protrude from the water surface, resulting in a ratio of drag area in to drag area outside the water of 21. The tube contains a battery pack and an electronic board, which acquires and reports the GPS position every 5 minutes via a global satellite network in near real time. Table 1 in the attached document summarizes for all deployed Hereon Drifters their deployment time as well as operation time and total covered distance.

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253 Research products
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Stefanidis Fotios; Stefanou Evangelos; Boulougouris Evangelos; Karagiannidis Lazaros; +4 Authors

    Despite the current high level of safety and the efforts to make passenger ships resilient to most fire and flooding scenarios, there are still gaps and challenges in the marine emergency response and ship evacuation processes. Those challenges arise from the fact that both processes are complex, multi-variable problems that rely on parameters involving not only people and technology but also procedural and managerial issues. SafePASS Project, funded under EU’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, is set to radically redefine the evacuation processes by introducing new equipment, expanding the capabilities of legacy systems on-board, proposing new Life-Saving Appliances and ship layouts, and challenging the current international regulations, hence reducing the uncertainty, and increasing the efficiency in all the stages of ship evacuation and abandonment process.

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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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    Authors: Galgani, Luisa; Tzempelikou, Eleni; Kalantzi, Ioanna; Tsiola, Anastasia; +8 Authors

    Microplastics are substrates for microbial activity and can influence biomass production. This has potentially important implications at the sea-surface microlayer, the marine boundary layer that controls gas exchange with the atmosphere and where biologically produced organic compounds can accumulate. In the present study, we used large scale mesocosms (filled with 3 m3 of seawater) to simulate future ocean scenarios. We explored microbial organic matter dynamics in the sea-surface microlayer in the presence and absence of microplastic contamination of the underlying water. Our study shows that microplastics increased both biomass production and enrichment of particulate carbohydrates and proteins in the sea-surface microlayer. Importantly, this resulted in a 3% reduction in the concentration of dissolved CO2 in the underlying water. This reduction suggests direct and indirect impacts of microplastic pollution on the marine uptake of CO2, by modifying the biogenic composition of the sea’s boundary layer with the atmosphere.

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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Martín-González, Elena; Alskaf, Ebraham; Chiribiri, Amedeo; Casaseca-de-la-Higuera, Pablo; +3 Authors

    First-pass perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (FPP-CMR) is becoming essential to detect blow flow anomalies. However, the need for real-time acquisitions limits the achievable spatial resolution and coverage of the heart. To keep both within a reasonable range, FPP-CMR needs to be accelerated. A SElf-Supervised aCcelerated REconsTruction (SECRET) DL framework is presented to speed-up reconstruction of FPP-CMR images from undersampled (k,t)-space data. The physical reconstruction models are used to train deep neural networks without requiring fully sampled images. SECRET achieves good quality reconstructions at a variety of acceleration rates, with significant speed-ups compared to the state-of-the-art.

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    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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      https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo...
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    Authors: Katharina Biely;

    This is the English version of the informed consent that has been used for staekholder interactions. Similar forms have been used for focus groups and workshops.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Brandon, Margaux; Duchamp-Alphonse, Stéphanie; Michel, Elisabeth; Landais, Amaëlle; +6 Authors

    Micropaleontological (coccolith, planktonic foraminifera) and geochemical (CaCO3, CaXRF, δ18O N. pachyderma, δ13C N. pachyderma) analyses from sediment core MD04-2718 retrieved from the Subantarctic zone (SAZ) of the Indian Southern Ocean covering the time interval from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 12 to MIS 10 (440,000– 360,000 years). Coccolith abundances and masses were performed using SYRACO software at Geoscience Paris-Saclay Laboratory (GEOPS). CaCO3 percentages were also measured at GEOPS. Foraminifera abundances and masses and stable oxygen and carbon isotopes were performed at Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE). SST were calculated using two methods : the Modern Analogue Technique (Haddam et al., 2016) and the percentage of N. pachyderma s. (Govin et al., 2009). CaXRF measurements were performed at ETH, Zurich. These approaches allowed to decipher the variations in Carbonate Counter Pump and upwelling strength in the Indian Sector of the Southern Ocean between MIS 12 and MIS 10, including the Termination V and interglacial MIS 11.

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    Authors: Vinther, Bo Møllesøe; Freitag, Johannes; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Weißbach, Stefanie; +3 Authors

    The firn core array of the North Greenland Traverse (NGT) provides unique climatic information for North Greenland until the mid 1990ies. In order to extend this climate record into more recent time, some of the drill sites were revisited and extension cores were drilled. The record is a composite of snow liners (from the surface to 1.29 m depth) and a consecutive firn core from 1.47 m depth to 30.00 m depth with a diameter of 75 cm. Density was measured by weighing the 55 cm long bags. Stable oxygen isotopes (δ18O) were measured at the Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark. Using raw, un-calibrated dielectrical profiling (DEP) data from the field (NEEM Set-up), volcanic tie points were derived. Together with the smoothed density data and the isotopic composition the record was dated by layer counting. The annual mean values of δ18O were obtained based on this dating. Based on the density measurements and the dating, the annual accumulation rate in water equivalent depth was derived.

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    Authors: Guerreiro, Catarina V; Baumann, Karl-Heinz; Brummer, Geert-Jan A; Valente, André; +4 Authors

    Data refer to export fluxes of carbonate produced by calcifying phytoplankton (coccolithophores), and coccolith-CaCO₃ percent contribution to total carbonate flux across the tropical North Atlantic, from upwelling affected NW Africa, via three ocean sites along 12°N to the Caribbean. Sampling was undertaken by means of a spatial array of four time-series sediment traps (i.e., CB at 21°N 20°W; M1U at 12°N 23°W; M2U at 14°N 37°W; M4U at 12°N 49°W; Guerreiro et al., 2021) collecting particle fluxes in two-week intervals, from October 2012 to February 2014, allowing to track temporal changes along the southern margin of the North Atlantic central gyre. Auxiliary PIC (Particulate Inorganic Carbon) data from NASA's Ocean Biology Processing Group (https://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov) are also provided for the sediment sampling period at all four trap sites. Particle flux data (mg/m²/d) of CaCO₃, organic matter, particulate organic carbon (POC), biogenic silica (bSiO₂) and unspecified residual fraction are provided for sediment trap site CB.

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    Authors: Sodemann, Harald; Touzeau, Alexandra;

    Water vapour stable isotope composition (delta 18-O and delta 2-H) with respect to VSMOW have been measured continuously together with specific humidity, using a ship-mounted infrared spectrometer, during the INTAROS research cruise in August 2018 in the vicinity of Svalbard. In addition, stable water isotopes in precipitation, ocean surface water, and from CTD casts have been gathered at several occasions. The water isotope data are supplemented by continous measurements of meteorological parameters, including ambient pressure, air temperature, relative humidity, cloud height, visibility, wind speed, and wind direction, water temperature. All data have been collected during the INTAROS cruise on board KV Svalbard, lasting from 30 July to 18 August 2018. Water vapour isotope and meteorology data have been averaged at a 1 min resolution. The cruise started and ended at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway, and covered part of the Fram strait to the west of Svalbard, and the Marginal Ice Zone north of the Svalbard Archipelago. A Picarro L2140-i water vapour isotope analyzer was installed onboard KV Svalbard during the INTAROS cruise with a heated inlet system at 10m above the ocean surface, flushed by a manifold pump at about 10 L per minute. Discrete water samples from precipitation were taken on an event basis in an open collector. Ocean surface water samples were taken from a bucket, and samples from CTD casts were taken from Niskin bottles. All liquid samples were analysed for delta 18-O and delta 2-H at FARLAB, University of Bergen, Norway. Data from corresponding CTD casts were used to extract salinity information at the depth of sea water isotope samples (doi:10.21335/NMDC-NERSC-1161526892). Meteorological data from the ship mounted meteorology payload have been provided by Meteorologisk Institutt, Oslo, Norway.

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    Authors: Brandt, Peter; Krahmann, Gerd;

    Comparison of the equatorial upwelling system, the northern coastal upwelling system of the Gulf of Guinea and the tropical Angolan upwelling system.

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