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113 Research products, page 1 of 12

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  • Publication . Other literature type . Preprint . Article . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Hans Burchard; Karsten Bolding; Adrian Jenkins; Martin Losch; Markus Reinert; Lars Umlauf;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union
    Countries: Germany, United Kingdom

    Basal melting of marine‐terminating glaciers, through its impact on the forces that control the flow of the glaciers, is one of the major factors determining sea level rise in a world of global warming. Detailed quantitative understanding of dynamic and thermodynamic pr...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Torge Martin; Arne Biastoch; Gerrit Lohmann; Uwe Mikolajewicz; Xuezhu Wang;
    Country: Germany

    Warming of the North Atlantic region in climate history often was associated with massive melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet. To identify the meltwater's impacts and isolate these from internal variability and other global warming factors, we run single‐forcing simulati...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    K. M. Haase; M. V. Schoenhofen; B. Storch; C. Beier; M. Regelous; K. Rubin; P. A. Brandl;
    Countries: Germany, Finland

    Abundant volcanic activity occurs in the back‐arc region of the northern Tofua island arc where the Northeast Lau Spreading Center (NELSC) propagates southwards into older crust causing the formation of numerous seamounts at the propagating rift tip. An off‐axis volcani...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Wanxuan Yao; Karin F. Kvale; Wolfgang Koeve; Angela Landolfi; Eric Achterberg; Erin M. Bertrand; Andreas Oschlies;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
    Country: Germany

    Biological nitrogen fixation is an important oceanic nitrogen source, potentially stabilizing marine fertility in an increasingly stratified and nutrient‐depleted ocean. Iron limitation of low latitude primary producers has been previously demonstrated to affect simulat...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Peter Köhler; Raimund Muscheler; Florian Adolphi; Martin Butzin;
    Country: Germany

    Since it is currently not understood how changes in 14C production rate (Q), and in the carbon cycle, can be combined to explain the reconstructed atmospheric Δ14C record, we discuss possible reasons for this knowledge gap. Reviewing the literature, we exclude that chan...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Thomas J. Browning; Xin Liu; Ruifeng Zhang; Zuozhu Wen; Jing Liu; Yaqian Zhou; Feipeng Xu; Yihua Cai; Kuanbo Zhou; Zhimian Cao; +4 more
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Country: Germany

    Nutrients limiting phytoplankton growth in the ocean are a critical control on ocean productivity and can underpin predicted responses to climate change. The extensive western subtropical North Pacific is assumed to be under strong nitrogen limitation, but this is not w...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Peter Brandt; Joke Luebbecke; Rebecca Hummels; Franz Philip Tuchen;
    Publisher: AGU (American Geophysical Union)
    Country: Germany
    Project: EC | TRIATLAS (817578)

    The upper‐ocean circulation of the tropical Atlantic is a complex superposition of thermohaline and wind‐driven flow components. The resulting zonally and vertically integrated upper‐ocean meridional flow is referred to as the upper branch of the Atlantic Meridional Ove...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Akil Hossain; Gerrit Lohmann; Christian Stepanek; Gregor Knorr;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
    Country: Germany

    Cenozoic climate changes have been linked to tectonic activity and variations in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Here, we present Miocene and Pliocene sensitivity experiments performed with the climate model COSMOS. The experiments contain changes with respect to paleog...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Narges Khosravi; Qiang Wang; Nikolay Koldunov; Claudia Hinrichs; Tido Semmler; Sergey Danilov; Thomas Jung;
    Country: Germany

    We examine the historical evolution and projected changes in the hydrography of the deep basin of the Arctic Ocean in 23 climate models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6). The comparison between historical simulations and observat...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Yu Ren; Jacob Geersen; Ingo Grevemeyer;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
    Country: Germany

    Plain Language Summary: In the past 5 decades, studies on oceanic transform faults (OTFs) have revealed significant complexity in their morphology, which calls for detailed quantitative analysis to study the processes controlling the morphology of OTFs. Using the most c...