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University of Exeter

Country: United Kingdom

University of Exeter

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2,643 Projects, page 1 of 529
  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: EP/V520536/1
    Funder Contribution: 2,572,160 GBP

    Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

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  • Funder: UKRI Project Code: 2399019

    Our interaction with the natural environment plays a crucial role in all aspects of society: our health, wealth, safety and future development. The increasing availability of large and complex data sets from diverse sources (e.g. environmental monitoring; satellite remote sensing; climate modelling; electronic medical records; social media; and contributions from citizen science) presents an exceptional opportunity to transform our understanding of both the effects of environmental change and our planet-transforming power. This PhD will develop methods for integrating of data from multiple inter-related sources using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to provide evidence for informed decision-making and increase our understanding of environmental challenges. The ability to fully exploit the power of data offers the possibility of a step-change in our ability to respond to some of the most pressing issues facing society; including climate change, health oceans and clean air. Achieving this goal will require the ability to: source and integrate data from multiple sources; develop and apply modelling and computational frameworks that take account of both the data source and the application in question; meet the operational needs of end-users, including accessible computational facilities, suitable time-lags between data retrieval and processing, and the production of user-defined outputs that integrate with existing business processes. The result would be the information and tools that are required for decision making across a variety of sectors, including energy, water, transport, agricultural and government policy. It will also support efforts to address some of the most important challenges faced by society today, including mitigation and adaptation to climate change, air quality, reduction and reparation of environmental and ecosystem degradation, and preparedness and response to natural hazards. However, there are challenges associated with discovering and accessing suitable data; gaps and inconsistencies in the data and when it is available; and technical complexity in integrating different data types. Similarly, there are often disconnects between the communities generating data, and those who are making decisions. These challenges mean that society has yet to fully exploit the full potential of environmental data to empower individuals, organisations and businesses and support informed decision making. This PhD will aim to address these challenges and, ultimately, to provide a step-change in our understanding of the effects of changes in our environment and to provide solutions to challenges based on the use of data and AI.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 230267
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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 898216
    Overall Budget: 224,934 EURFunder Contribution: 224,934 EUR

    Newly embraced use of lightweight (and high-strength) materials in construction has led to development of exceptionally beautiful and slender structural forms, especially in case of landmark public structures such as footbridges as well as walkways and corridors between buildings, at airports and shopping malls. These pedestrian structures are more sensitive to human-generated dynamic loading than ever before and their design is governed by vibration serviceability limit state. Pedestrians start interacting with these structures under certain conditions resulting in vibration-dependent dynamic force and unacceptably large errors in predictions of the actual vibration response. This project, vPERFORM, will transform the current design practice by developing reliable predictive models of vibration performance of lightweight pedestrian structures. For the first time, vertical vibration conditions under which the interaction occurs will be identified and the interaction modelled to reflect experimental observations. In addition, influence of visual cue (of the environment in which structure resides) on the interaction will also be studied for the first time. I will employ a multidisciplinary approach by combining analysis techniques from human motion science and mathematical modelling with structural engineering application. I will collect unique experimental data in a purpose built VSimulators (VSim) motion platform facility that incorporates virtual reality (VR) headset for simulating realistic structure environments. I will develop and validate a model for the interaction paving the way for achieving more efficient and sustainable design solutions.

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  • Funder: EC Project Code: 695245
    Overall Budget: 2,212,640 EURFunder Contribution: 2,212,640 EUR

    The academic study of Islamic law has, so far, almost exclusively focused on Sunni legal thought. The legal thought and practice of Shi’ite (and other) traditions has been neglected, and this has created a rather skewed account of the history of Islamic law. This project aims to rectify this inadequacy by producing a body of research in which the Imami Shi’ite contribution to Islamic legal history is described, analysed and evaluated. Imami Shi’ites, sometimes termed Twelvers, are the largest branch of Shi’ism today. Imamis form a majority in Iran and Iraq where the major Shi’i centres of legal learning are located. In the project, we aim to examine the theories and methods used by scholars in the study of Islamic law, derived mainly from Sunni sources, and test them against the Shi’ite legal literature. The project aims to demonstrate that a non-Sunni tradition of Islamic legal thought, in this case Imami Shi’i law, can illuminate and enrich the general history of Islamic law. At times, Shi'ite law shares features with other legal schools; at other times it provides an alternative account, challenging long held assumptions concerning Islam’s legal development. The project will do this through 5 independent, but linked, Research Themes, in which research fellows and visiting professors will carry out detailed programmes of research. These will cover Imami law and doctrine, the dynamics of legal authority, the relationship between legal theory and doctrine and the influence of law on political theory. The project will facilitate opportunities to test the researchers' research findings with both international experts in the field, and scholars from within the Imami legal tradition. The Principal Investigator, Robert Gleave, has made a major contribution to this area in his research, publications and other activities for 20 years, and this project extends and expands this interest, aiming to make a lasting impact on the field of Islamic legal studies in the future.

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