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Other research product . 2019

Increased Consumption of Virgin Olive Oil, Nuts, Legumes, Whole Grains, and Fish Promotes HDL Functions in Humans.

Hernáez Á, Sanllorente A, Castañer O, Martínez-González MÁ, Ros E, Pintó X, Estruch R, Salas-Salvadó J, Corella D, Alonso-Gómez ÁM, Serra-Majem L, Fiol M, Lapetra J, Gómez-Gracia E, de la Torre R, Lamuela-Raventós RM, Fitó M;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2019
Country: Spain
Abstract
To evaluate whether increases in the consumption of cardioprotective food groups (virgin olive oil, nuts, fruits/vegetables, legumes, whole grains, fish, and wine) are associated with improvements in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) functions in high cardiovascular risk subjects.The association between 1-year changes in food group consumption and HDL functionality traits in 296 high cardiovascular risk subjects is assessed. Increases in virgin olive oil (10 g d-1 ) and whole grain consumption (25 g d-1 ) are associated with increments in cholesterol efflux capacity (+0.7%, P = 0.026, and +0.6%, P = 0.017, respectively). Increases in nut (30 g d-1 ) and legume intake (25 g d-1 ) are linked to increments in paraoxonase-1 activity (+12.2%, P = 0.049, and +11.7%, P = 0.043, respectively). Legume intake increases are also related to decreases in cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity (-4.8%, P = 0.028). Fish consumption increments (25 g d-1 ) are associated with increases in paraoxonase-1 activity (+3.9%, P = 0.030) and declines in cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity (-1.6%, P = 0.021), HDL cholesterol concentrations (-1.1%, P = 0.039), and functions related to HDL levels (cholesterol efflux capacity, -1.1%, P = 0.010).Increases in the consumption of virgin olive oil, nuts, legumes, whole grains, and fish (achievable through a regular diet) were associated with improvements in HDL functions in high cardiovascular risk subjects.© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: food and beverages

Subjects

Biotechnology,Food Science,Food Science & Technology, Virgin olive oil, Nuts, Legumes and grains, High-density lipoprotein functionality, Fish, Agricultural sciences, Biotechnology,Food Science,Food Science & Technology, Virgin olive oil, Nuts, Legumes and grains, High-density lipoprotein functionality, Fish, Saúde coletiva, Química, Nutrição, Medicina veterinaria, Medicina ii, Medicina i, Interdisciplinar, Food science & technology, Food science, Farmacia, Educação física, Ciências biológicas ii, Ciências biológicas i, Ciências agrárias i, Ciência de alimentos, Biotecnología, Biotechnology, Astronomia / física

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