Actions
  • shareshare
  • link
  • cite
  • add
add
Other research product . 2018

Seamount physiography and biology in the north-east Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea

Morato, T.; Kvile, K. Ø.; Taranto, G. H.; Tempera, F.; Narayanaswamy, B. E.; Hebbeln, D.; Menezes, G. M.; +3 Authors
Open Access
English
Published: 27 Sep 2018
Abstract

This work aims at characterising the seamount physiography and biology in the OSPAR Convention limits (north-east Atlantic Ocean) and Mediterranean Sea. We first inferred potential abundance, location and morphological characteristics of seamounts, and secondly, summarized the existing biological, geological and oceanographic in situ research, identifying examples of well-studied seamounts. Our study showed that the seamount population in the OSPAR area (north-east Atlantic) and in the Mediterranean Sea is large with around 557 and 101 seamount-like features, respectively. Similarly, seamounts occupy large areas of about 616 000 km2 in the OSPAR region and of about 89 500 km2 in the Mediterranean Sea. The presence of seamounts in the north-east Atlantic has been known since the late 19th century, but overall knowledge regarding seamount ecology and geology is still relatively poor. Only 37 seamounts in the OSPAR area (3.5% of all seamounts in the region), 22 in the Mediterranean Sea (9.2% of all seamounts in the region) and 25 in the north-east Atlantic south of the OSPAR area have in situ information. Seamounts mapped in both areas are in general very heterogeneous, showing diverse geophysical characteristics. These differences will likely affect the biological diversity and production of resident and associated organisms.

129 references, page 1 of 13

Acosta, J., Canals, M., Lo´pez-Martinez, J., Muno˜z, A., Herranz, P., Urgeles, R., Palomo, C., and Casamor, J. L.: The Balearic Promontory geomorphology (western Mediterranean): morphostructure and active processes, Geomorphology, 49, 177- 204, 2003.

Acosta, J., Ancochea, E., Canals, M., Huertas, M. J., and Uchupi, E.: Early Pleistocene volcanism in the Emile Baudot Seamount, Balearic Promontory (western Mediterranean Sea), Mar. Geol., 207, 247-257, 2004. [OpenAIRE]

Amorim, P., Figueiredo, M., Machete, M., Morato, T., Martins, A., and Santos, R. S.: Spatial variability of seabird distribution associated with environmental factors: a case study of marine Important Bird Areas in the Azores, ICES J. Mar. Sci., 66, 29-40, 2009.

Ar´ıstegui, J., Mendonc¸a, A., Vilas, J. C., Espino, M., Polo, I., Montero, M. F., and Martins, A.: Plankton metabolic balance at two North Atlantic seamounts, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 56, 2646-2655, 2009.

Bartsch, I.: Notes on ophiuroids from the Great Meteor Seamount (Northeastern Atlantic) (Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea), Spixiana, 31, 233-239, 2008.

Bashmachnikov, I., Mendonc¸a, A., Sequeira, S., Gomes, S., Medeiros, A., Loureiro, C., and Martins, A.: Physical Oceanography, in CONDOR Observatory for long-term study and monitoring of Azorean seamount ecosystems, Final Project Report, Arquivos do DOP, Se´rie Estudos 1/2012, Horta, Portugal, 39-45, 2011.

Beckmann, A. and Mohn, C.: The upper ocean circulation at Great Meteor Seamount. Part II: Retention potential of the seamountinduced circulation, Ocean Dynam., 52, 194-204, 2002. [OpenAIRE]

Ben-Avraham, Z., Harrison, C. G. A., Klein, E., and Shoham, Y.: Seamont magnetism in the Ionian Sea, eastern Mediterranean, Mar. Geophys. Res., 5, 389-404, 1983.

Bett, B. J., Watson, S. A., Gooday, A. J., and Billett, D. S. M.: Ecology of seamount megabenthos: Seine and Sedlo Seamounts (NE Atlantic), Data report for the National Oceanography Centre, DEEPSEAS Group. Southampton, UK, 2004.

Bo, M., Bertolino, M., Borghini, M., Castellano, M., Covazzi Harriague, A., Di Camillo, C. G., Gasparini, G., Misic, C., Povero, P., Pusceddu, A., Schroeder, K., and Bavestrello, G.: Characteristics of the Mesophotic Megabenthic Assemblages of the Vercelli Seamount (North Tyrrhenian Sea), PLoS ONE, 6, e16357, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016357, 2011.

Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
,
EC| CORALFISH
Project
CORALFISH
Assessment of the interaction between corals, fish and fisheries, in order to develop monitoring and predictive modelling tools for ecosystem based management in the deep waters of Europe and beyond
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 213144
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ENV
,
EC| HERMIONE
Project
HERMIONE
Hotspot Ecosystem Research and Man's Impact on European seas
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 226354
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ENV
,
FCT| SFRH/BPD/79801/2011
Project
SFRH/BPD/79801/2011
MAPPING AZORES DEEP-SEA HABITATS: LINKING GEOMORPHOLOGY TO BIOLOGY
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: SFRH/BPD/79801/2011
  • Funding stream: PIDDAC
Related to Research communities
European Marine Science Marine Environmental Science : CORALFISH
Download from
moresidebar