Amoroso, R. O., Pitcher, C. R., Rijnsdorp, A. D., McConnaughey, R. A., Parma, A. M., Suuronen, P., Eigaard, O. R., Bastardie, F., Hintzen N. T., Althaus, F., Baird, S. J., Black, J., BuhlMortensen, L., Campbell, A. B., Catarino, R., Collie, J. S., Cowan, J. H., Durholtz, D., Engstrom, N., Fairweather, T. P., Fock, H. O., Ford, R., Gálvez, P. A., Gerritsen, H. D., Góngora, M. E., González, J., Hiddink, J. G., Hughes, K. M., Intelmann, S. S., Jenkins, C., Jonsson, P., Kainge, P., Kangas, M., Kathena, J. N., Kavadas, S., Leslie, R. W., Lewis, S. G., Lundy, M., Makin, D., Martin, J., Mazor, T., Mirelis, G. G., Newman, S. J., Papadopoulou, K. N., Posen, P. E., Rochester, W., Russo, T., Sala, A., Semmens, J. M., Silva, C., Tsolos, A., Vanelsander, B., Wakefield, C. B., Wood, B. A., Hilborn, R., Kaiser, M. J., and Jennings, S.: Bottom trawl-fishing footprints on the world's continental shelves, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 115, E10275-E10282, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1802379115, 2018. [OpenAIRE]
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- Impact byBIP!
citationsThis is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically). 0 popularityThis indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network. Average influenceThis indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically). Average impulseThis indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network. Average citationsThis is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically). 0 popularityThis indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network. Average influenceThis indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically). Average impulseThis indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network. Average
- Institut de Ciència I Tecnologia Ambientals Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Edifici Z Spain
- UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI CAGLIARI Italy
- University of Western Australia Australia
- Edith Cowan University Australia
- University of Cagliari Italy
- Spanish National Research Council Spain
- University of Rome Tor Vergata Italy
- Hellenic Centre for Marine Research Greece
- Marine Institute Ireland
- Universit�� degli Studi di CAGLIARI Italy
- National Oceanography Centre United Kingdom
- Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
Bottom trawling in the deep sea is one of the main drivers of sediment resuspension, eroding the seafloor and altering the content and composition of sedimentary organic matter (OM). The physical and biogeochemical impacts of bottom trawling were studied on the continental slope of the Gulf of Castellammare, Sicily (southwestern Mediterranean), through the analysis of two triplicate sediment cores collected at trawled and untrawled sites (∼550 m water depth) during the summer of 2016. Geochemical and sedimentological parameters (excess 210Pb, excess 234Th, 137Cs, dry bulk density, and grain size), elemental (organic carbon and nitrogen) and biochemical composition of sedimentary OM (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids), as well as its freshness (phytopigments) and degradation rates were determined in both coring locations. The untrawled site had a sedimentation rate of 0.15 cm yr−1 and presented a 6 cm thick surface mixed layer that contained siltier sediment with low excess 210Pb concentrations, possibly resulting from the resuspension, posterior advection, and eventual deposition of coarser and older sediment from adjacent trawling grounds. In contrast, the trawled site was eroded and presented compacted century-old sediment highly depleted in OM components, which were between 20 % and 60 % lower than those in the untrawled site. However, the upper 2 cm of the trawled site consisted of recently accumulated sediments enriched in excess 234Th, excess 210Pb, and phytopigments, while OM contents were similar to those from the untrawled core. This fresh sediment supported protein turnover rates of 0.025 d−1, which doubled those quantified in surface sediments of the untrawled site. The enhancement of remineralization rates in surface sediment of the trawled site was associated with the arrival of fresh particles on a chronically trawled deep-sea region that is generally deprived of OM. We conclude that the detrimental effects of bottom trawling can be temporarily and partially abated by the arrival of fresh and nutritionally rich OM, which stimulate the response of benthic communities. However, these ephemeral deposits are likely to be swiftly eroded due to the high trawling frequency over fishing grounds, highlighting the importance of establishing science-based management strategies to mitigate the impacts of bottom trawling.