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Other research product . 2021

ANN-Based Integrated Risk Ranking Approach: A Case Study of Contaminants of Emerging Concern of Fish and Seafood in Europe

Kumar, Vikas; Kumar, Saurav;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jan 2021
Country: Spain
Abstract
Seafood, one of the most important food commodities consumed worldwide, is considered a high-quality, healthy, and safe food option. However, marine ecosystems are the ultimate destination for a large group of chemicals, including contaminants of emerging concern, and seafood consumption is a major pathway of human exposure. With growing awareness of food safety and food quality, and increased demand for information on the risk of contaminants of emerging concern, there is a need to assess food safety issues related to harmful contaminants in seafood and ensure the safety of marine food resources. In this study, the risks of emerging compounds (endocrine disruptors, brominated flame retardants, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, and toxic elements) in fish and seafood were analyzed according to their PBT (persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity) properties as well as in terms of their concentration levels in seafood. A hazard index (HI) was estimated for each compound by applying an artificial neural network (ANN) approach known as Self-Organizing-Maps. Subsequently, an integrated risk rank (IRI) was developed considering the values of HI and the concentrations of emerging compounds in seafood species gathered from the scientific literature. Current results identified HHCB, MeHg, NP, AHTN and PBDE209 as the top five highest ranked compounds present in seafood, according to the 50th percentile (mean) of the IRI. However, this ranking slightly changed when taking into account the 99th percentile of the IRI, showing toxic elements, methylmercury and inorganic arsenic, as having the highest risk. The outcome of this study identified the priority contaminants and should help in regulatory decision-making and scientific panels to design screening programs as well as t
Subjects

Environmental Sciences,Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis,Pollution,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health,Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Water pollutants, chemical, Water pollutant, Venlafaxine, Trimethoprim, Triclosan, Triclocarban, Toxicity, Sulfamethoxazole, Sertraline, Self-organizing maps, Seafood, Sea food, Risk ranking, Risk assessment, Ranking, Propyl paraben, Propranolol, Pollution exposure, Paroxetine, Norsertraline, Norfluoxetine, Nonhuman, Neural networks, computer, Methylmercury, Methyl paraben, Marine pollution, Humans, Human, Hazard index, Hazard assessment, Gemfibrozil, Food safety, Food quality, Food contamination, Fluoxetine, Flame retardant, Fish, Europe, Ethyl paraben, Erythromycin, Endocrine disruptor, Ecosystem, Diphenhydramine, Diltiazem, Diazepam, Decision making, Contaminants of emerging concern, Concentration (parameter), Citalopram, Carbamazepine, Caffeine, Butyl paraben, Bioaccumulation, Benzyl paraben, Atenolol, Artificial neural network, Article, Arsenic, Animals, Animal, 4,4' isopropylidenediphenol, Zootecnia / recursos pesqueiros, Serviço social, Saúde coletiva, Química, Public, environmental & occupational health, Public health, environmental and occupational health, Psicología, Pollution, Odontología, Nutrição, Medicina iii, Medicina ii, Medicina i, Materiais, Interdisciplinar, Health, toxicology and mutagenesis, Geografía, Geociências, Farmacia, Environmental sciences, Ensino, Engenharias ii, Engenharias i, Enfermagem, Educação física, Educação, Ciencias sociales, Ciências biológicas iii, Ciências biológicas ii, Ciências biológicas i, Ciências ambientais, Ciências agrárias i, Ciência da computação, Biotecnología, Biodiversidade, Astronomia / física, Administração pública e de empresas, ciências contábeis e turismo

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