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Publication . Article . 2021

Reconstruction of annual accumulation rate on firn, synchronising H2O2 concentration data with an estimated temperature record

J. M. Travassos; S. S. Martins; M. Potocki; M. Potocki; J. C. Simões; J. C. Simões;
Open Access
Published: 01 Jul 2021 Journal: The Cryosphere, volume 15, pages 3,495-3,505 (issn: 1994-0416, eissn: 1994-0424, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Copernicus Publications

This work deals with reconstructing firn layer thicknesses at the deposition time from the firn's observed thickness in ice cores, thus reconstructing the annual accumulation, yielding a timescale and an ice-core chronology. We employed a dynamic time warping algorithm to find an optimal, non-linear alignment between an H2O2 concentration data series from 98 m worth of ice cores of a borehole on the central ice divide of the Detroit Plateau, the Antarctic Peninsula, and an estimated local temperature time series. The viability and the physical reliability of the procedure are rooted in the robustness of the seasonal marker H2O2 in a high-accumulation context, which brought the entire borehole to within the operational life span of four Antarctic stations around the Antarctic Peninsula. The process was heavily based on numerical optimisation, producing a mathematically sound match between the two series to estimate the annual layering efficiently on the entire data section at once, being disposition-free. The results herein confirm a high annual accumulation rate of aN=2.8 m w.e./yr, which is of the same order of magnitude as and highly correlated with that of the Bruce Plateau and twice as large as that of the Gomez Plateau, 300 and 1200 km further south, respectively.


Environmental sciences, GE1-350, Geology, QE1-996.5

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Article . 2021
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