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Publication . Article . 2022

Molecular and Cellular Analysis of the Repair of Zebrafish Optic Tectum Meninges Following Laser Injury

Payel Banerjee; Paul Joly; Luc Jouneau; Yan Jaszczyszyn; Mickaël Bourge; Pierre Affaticati; Jean-Pierre Levraud; +2 Authors
Open Access
English
Published: 24 Jun 2022 Journal: Cells; Volume 11; Issue 13; Pages: 2016 (issn: 2073-4409, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Country: France
Abstract

We studied cell recruitment following optic tectum (OT) injury in zebrafish (Danio rerio), which has a remarkable ability to regenerate many of its organs, including the brain. The OT is the largest dorsal layered structure in the zebrafish brain. In juveniles, it is an ideal structure for imaging and dissection. We investigated the recruited cells within the juvenile OT during regeneration in a Pdgfrβ-Gal4:UAS-EGFP line in which pericytes, vascular, circulating, and meningeal cells are labeled, together with neurons and progenitors. We first performed high-resolution confocal microscopy and single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNAseq) on EGFP-positive cells. We then tested three types of injury with very different outcomes (needle (mean depth in the OT of 200 µm); deep-laser (depth: 100 to 200 µm depth); surface-laser (depth: 0 to 100 µm)). Laser had the additional advantage of better mimicking of ischemic cerebral accidents. No massive recruitment of EGFP-positive cells was observed following laser injury deep in the OT. This type of injury does not perturb the meninx/brain–blood barrier (BBB). We also performed laser injuries at the surface of the OT, which in contrast create a breach in the meninges. Surprisingly, one day after such injury, we observed the migration to the injury site of various EGFP-positive cell types at the surface of the OT. The migrating cells included midline roof cells, which activated the PI3K-AKT pathway; fibroblast-like cells expressing numerous collagen genes and most prominently in 3D imaging; and a large number of arachnoid cells that probably migrate to the injury site through the activation of cilia motility genes, most likely being direct targets of the FOXJ1a gene. This study, combining high-content imaging and scRNAseq in physiological and pathological conditions, sheds light on meninges repair mechanisms in zebrafish that probably also operate in mammalian meninges.

Subjects

fish; midbrain; meninx; meningioma; arachnoid space; two-photon laser injury; ischemic accident; brain mild traumatic injury; radar plots; water channels; solute carriers, arachnoid space, brain mild traumatic injury, fish, ischemic accident, meningioma, meninx, midbrain, radar plots, solute carriers, two-photon laser injury, water channels, MESH: Animals, MESH: Lasers, MESH: Mammals, MESH: Meninges, MESH: Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, MESH: Superior Colliculi, MESH: Zebrafish, [SDV.NEU.NB]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]/Neurobiology, [SDV.NEU.PC]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]/Psychology and behavior, [SDV.NEU.SC]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]/Cognitive Sciences, General Medicine

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