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Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2021

Contrasting patterns of carbon cycling and dissolved organic matter processing in two phytoplankton-bacteria communities

S. Elovaara; S. Elovaara; E. Eronen-Rasimus; E. Asmala; E. Asmala; T. Tamelander; H. Kaartokallio;
Open Access
Published: 23 Dec 2021
Country: Finland

Microbial consumption of phytoplankton-derived organic carbon in the pelagic food web is an important component of the global C cycle. We studied C cycling in two phytoplankton–bacteria systems (non-axenic cultures of a dinoflagellate Apocalathium malmogiense and a cryptophyte Rhodomonas marina) in two complementary experiments. In the first experiment we grew phytoplankton and bacteria in nutrient-replete conditions and followed C processing at early exponential growth phase and twice later when the community had grown denser. Cell-specific primary production and total community respiration were up to 4 and 7 times higher, respectively, in the A. malmogiense treatments. Based on the optical signals, accumulating dissolved organic C (DOC) was degraded more in the R. marina treatments, and the rate of bacterial production to primary production was higher. Thus, the flow of C from phytoplankton to bacteria was relatively higher in R. marina treatments than in A. malmogiense treatments, which was further supported by faster 14C transfer from phytoplankton to bacterial biomass. In the second experiment we investigated consumption of the phytoplankton-derived DOC by bacteria. DOC consumption and transformation, bacterial production, and bacterial respiration were all higher in R. marina treatments. In both experiments A. malmogiense supported a bacterial community predominated by bacteria specialized in the utilization of less labile DOC (class Bacteroidia), whereas R. marina supported a community predominated by copiotrophic Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria. Our findings suggest that large dinoflagellates cycle relatively more C between phytoplankton biomass and the inorganic C pool, whereas small cryptophytes direct relatively more C to the microbial loop.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: fungi


SCRIPPSIELLA-HANGOEI, NATURAL ASSEMBLAGES, MOLECULAR-WEIGHT, NITROGEN UPTAKE, BALTIC SEA, MARINE, RELEASE, ALGAE, FLUORESCENCE, CONSUMPTION, 1172 Environmental sciences, Ecology, QH540-549.5, Life, QH501-531, Geology, QE1-996.5, Earth-Surface Processes, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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