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Publication . Article . 2016

Dissolved organic matter in pore water of Arctic Ocean sediments: Environmental influence on molecular composition

Pamela E. Rossel; Christina Bienhold; Antje Boetius; Thorsten Dittmar;
Open Access
English
Published: 01 Jul 2016 Journal: Organic Geochemistry (issn: 01466380, Copyright policy )
Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Country: Germany
Abstract

AbstractMarine organic matter (OM) sinks from surface water to the seafloor via the biological pump. Benthic communities, which use this sedimented OM as an energy and carbon source, produce dissolved OM (DOM) in the process of degradation, enriching the sediment pore water with fresh DOM compounds. In the oligotrophic deep Arctic basin, particle flux is low but highly seasonal. We hypothesized that the molecular signal of freshly deposited, primary produced OM would be detectable in surface sediment pore water, which should differ in DOM composition from bottom water and deeper sediment pore water. The study focused on (i) the molecular composition of the DOM in sediment pore water of the deep Eurasian Arctic basins, (ii) the signal of marine vs. terrigenous DOM represented by different compounds preserved in the pore water and (iii) the relationship between Arctic Ocean ice cover and DOM composition. Composition based on mass spectrometric information, obtained via 15T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry, was correlated with environmental parameters with partial least square analysis. The fresh marine detrital OM signal from surface water was limited to pore water from <5cm sediment depth. The productive ice margin stations showed a higher abundance of peptide, unsaturated aliphatic and saturated fatty acid molecular formulae, indicative of recent phytodetritus deposition, than the multiyear ice-covered stations, which had a stronger aromatic signal. The study contributes to the understanding of the coupling between Arctic Ocean productivity and its depositional regime, and how it may be altered in response to sea ice retreat and increasing river runoff.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Medical Subject Headings: geographic locations

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Dissolved organic carbon Terrigenous sediment Organic matter chemistry.chemical_classification chemistry Geology Surface water Bottom water Pore water pressure Sediment Arctic Environmental chemistry Oceanography

Subjects

Dissolved organic matter, Pore water, Fourier-transform ion cyclotron mass spectrometry, Arctic Ocean, Geochemistry and Petrology

Funded by
EC| ABYSS
Project
ABYSS
ABYSS - Assessment of bacterial life and matter cycling in deep-sea surface sediments
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 294757
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
Related to Research communities
European Marine Science
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