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Europe PubMed Central
Article . 2015
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Parasites & Vectors
Article . 2015 . Peer-reviewed
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Parasites & Vectors
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Patterns of genetic variation and life history traits of Zeuxapta seriolae infesting Seriola lalandi across the coastal and oceanic areas in the southeastern Pacific Ocean: potential implications for aquaculture

Authors: Sepúlveda, Fabiola A; González, M Teresa;

Patterns of genetic variation and life history traits of Zeuxapta seriolae infesting Seriola lalandi across the coastal and oceanic areas in the southeastern Pacific Ocean: potential implications for aquaculture

Abstract

Background The monogenean, Zeuxapta seriolae, is a host-specific parasite that has an extensive geographical distribution on its host, Seriola lalandi, and is considered highly pathogenic in farmed fish. In recent years, developing cultures of S. lalandi in different coastal localities in Southeastern Pacific Ocean (SEP) have been affected by moderate and heavy infections of this parasite, attributed to contagion from wild to farmed fish. Here, we evaluated the pattern of genetic variations and biological traits of Z. seriolae in a spatial and temporal scale across its geographical distribution in SEP to determine its genetic status and biological traits, which could affect its transmission dynamics from wild to farmed fish. Methods Wild fish and their parasites were sampled from fisheries in the northern Chilean coast (NCC: 24°S-30°S) and Eastern islands (JFA: ca 33°S; 80°W) between 2012 and 2014. Fragments of 816 bp of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene was sequenced for 112 individuals from NCC and 63 from JFA and compared using AMOVA. Prevalence and intensity of Z. seriolae were calculated for each area. The parasite body size, fecundity and size at sexual maturity were estimated for 177 parasites from NCC and 128 from JFA, and significant differences were evaluated using GLM. Results Geographical genetic structuring was detected for Z. seriolae across SEP, with a population in NCC and the other in JFA, both with the same high haplotype diversity. Neutrality tests and mismatch analyses indicated that both Z. seriolae populations are stable. Parasite biological traits such as fecundity, body size, and size at sexual maturity, and population parameters varied significantly between geographical areas. Conclusion Two genetic groups of Z. seriolae were detected in wild fish across SEP. Because of the seasonal migration of wild host and temporal contact with farming, quantifying the genetic diversity and level of gene flow or isolation between parasite populations is useful for fish health management in farming. The smallest size of sexual maturity in parasites from NCC is predictive of shorter life cycles, and their high genetic diversity suggests high evolutionary potential and high transmission of this parasite to farmed hosts.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Fish farming Population Biology Life history theory food Aquaculture Genetic variation education Seriola lalandi education.field_of_study Genetic diversity business.industry Ecology food.food Genetic structure business

Keywords

Biological traits, Aquaculture, Trematode Infections, Genetic diversity, COI, Fish Diseases, Animals, Life Cycle Stages, Pacific Ocean, Research, Fishes, Genetic Variation, Fish, Infectious Diseases, Parasitology, Trematoda, Genetic structure, Monogenea

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    Top 10%
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    Average
    impulse
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    Average
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    18
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
18
Top 10%
Average
Average
Green
gold
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European Marine Science
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