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Frontiers in Marine Science
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The Diversity and Ecological Role of Non-scleractinian Corals (Antipatharia and Alcyonacea) on Scleractinian Cold-Water Coral Mounds

Authors: De Clippele, Laurence Helene; Huvenne, Veerle A. I.; Molodtsova, Tina N.; Roberts, J. Murray;

The Diversity and Ecological Role of Non-scleractinian Corals (Antipatharia and Alcyonacea) on Scleractinian Cold-Water Coral Mounds

Abstract

Cold-water coral carbonate mounds, created by framework-building scleractinian corals, are also important habitats for non-scleractinian corals, whose ecology and role are understudied in deep-sea environments. This paper describes the diversity, ecology and role of non-scleractinian corals on scleractinian cold-water coral carbonate mounds in the Logachev Mound Province, Rockall Bank, NE Atlantic. In total ten non-scleractinian species were identified, which were mapped out along eight ROV video transects. Eight species were identified as black corals (three belonging to the family Schizopathidae, one each to the Leiopathidae, Cladopathidae, and Antipathidae and two to an unknown family) and two as gorgonians (Isididae and Plexauridae). The most abundant species were Leiopathes sp. and Parantipathes sp. 2. Areas with a high diversity of non-scleractinian corals are interpreted to offer sufficient food, weak inter-species competition and the presence of heterogeneous and hard settlement substrates. A difference in the density and occurrence of small vs. large colonies of Leiopathes sp. was also observed, which is likely related to a difference in the stability of the substrate they choose for settlement. Non-scleractinian corals, especially black corals, are an important habitat for crabs, crinoids, and shrimps in the Logachev Mound Province. The carrier crab Paromola sp. was observed carrying the plexaurid Paramuricea sp. and a black coral species belonging to the genus Parantipathes, a behavior believed to provide the crab with camouflage or potentially a defense mechanism against predators. More information on the ecophysiology of non-scleractinian corals and fine-scale local organic matter supply are needed to understand what drives differences in their spatial distribution and community structure.

Country
United Kingdom
Subjects by Vocabulary

Library of Congress Subject Headings: lcsh:QH1-199.5 lcsh:General. Including nature conservation, geographical distribution lcsh:Science lcsh:Q

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: media_common.quotation_subject Coral Biodiversity Competition (biology) Alcyonacea Substrate (aquarium) media_common Plexauridae biology Ecology biology.organism_classification Black coral Habitat

Keywords

fine-scale spatial patterns, Ocean Engineering, Aquatic Science, Oceanography, Antipatharia, biodiversity, Water Science and Technology, Global and Planetary Change, Alcyonacea, associated megafauna, cold-water coral mounds

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    visibility views 7
    download downloads 65
  • citations
    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    30
    popularity
    This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
    Average
    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Top 10%
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visibility
download
citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Impulse provided by BIP!
views
OpenAIRE UsageCountsViews provided by UsageCounts
downloads
OpenAIRE UsageCountsDownloads provided by UsageCounts
30
Top 10%
Average
Top 10%
7
65
Green
gold
Funded by
UKRI| Impacts of ocean acidification on key benthic ecosystems, communities, habitats, species and life cycles
Project
  • Funder: UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)
  • Project Code: NE/H017305/1
  • Funding stream: NERC
,
EC| ATLAS
Project
ATLAS
A Trans-AtLantic Assessment and deep-water ecosystem-based Spatial management plan for Europe
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 678760
  • Funding stream: H2020 | RIA
Validated by funder | iis
,
EC| CODEMAP
Project
CODEMAP
COmplex Deep-sea Environments: Mapping habitat heterogeneity As Proxy for biodiversity
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 258482
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
iis
Related to Research communities
European Marine Science
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